Bodybuilding.com Information Motivation Supplementation
in:
Implications For Your Diet: Know Your Body Type!

Do you know what body type category you fall into? Know your body type can help you find the nutrition and training programs to better suit your needs. Read on to see what your body type might be!

By: Connor LaVallie

Article Summary:
  • A Somatype is another word for body type and helps nutritionists recommend diets.
  • Mesomorphs are more prone to athletics, such as football and bodybuilding.
  • Endomorphs should stay away from junk foods and eat small meals throughout the day.

dot

Know Your Body Type

dot

There are many things in life that make humans unique from one another. Whether it's your personality, abilities, or physical looks we're all very unique. These differences are the results of our genetic makeup. One interesting subject in the area of genetics is somatypes.

Somatype is another term for body type. Most people have a genetic predisposition toward one specific somatype and supportive traits from a second kind. In the 1940's scientists introduced the theory of body types. Their ideas described three basic human body types: the endomorph, characterized by an excess of body fat; the mesomorph, marked by a well-developed musculature; and the ectomorph, distinguished by a lack of either much fat or muscle tissue. They did also state that most people were a mixture of these. These three categories of morphology are used to predict how certain people will react to certain portions of macronutrients, thus enabling health professionals to determine correct diets and exercise regimens for their clients. The three somatypes are widely known in sports such as bodybuilding, and in the applied health fields involving nutrition and weight management.

dot
Somatypes
dot

Somatypes are looked at most often in sports for different types of athletes. An athlete cannot change what their body type is; all they can do is use nutrition to their advantage and play a sport that fits them as an individual.

dot
1. Ectomorphs
dot

A classic ectomorph is typically a person who is naturally thin. These individuals usually have a low body fat percentage, small bone size, a high metabolism, and a small amount of muscle mass and muscle size. These factors all compliment one another to produce a thin, wiry, nervous type of person or athlete. The bones are light in weight, joints are smaller than normal and muscles are underdeveloped. The limbs are relatively long in proportion and the shoulders tend to droop down.

Ectomorphs Are Typically Naturally Thin And Have A Low Body Fat Percentage
+ Click To Enlarge.
Ectomorphs Are Typically Naturally Thin And
Have A Low Body Fat Percentage.

The ectomorph has a linear physique as they may appear to be straight up and down, and may appear longer than he or she really is, due to the length of limbs coupled with lack of muscle mass developed on those limbs.

The ectomorph does not have natural athletic power and each ounce of muscle they strive for will take extra effort. It is common to find ectomorphs in sports like cycling, cross country running, and other endurance sports. The high metabolism of an ectomorph requires them to eat large amounts of food, especially those that are carbohydrate dense to fuel workouts.

dot
2. Mesomorphs
dot

The second somatype is the mesomorph. The mesomorph has well-defined muscles and large bones. The torso looks thin, and they have a relatively low waist. The bones and muscles of the head and skull are prominent. Features of the face are clearly defined, such as cheek bones and a square, heavy jaw. The face is usually long and broad, and is rectangular in shape. Arms and legs are muscled and even the digits of the hand are developed.

Mesomorphs tend to make excellent all around athletes, especially bodybuilders. This body type is often called "good genetics" from a physical person's perspective and it has been said that every person, regardless of body type should strive to look like a mesomorph.

Mesomorphs Tend To Make Excellent All Around Athletes, Especially Bodybuilders
+ Click To Enlarge.
Mesomorphs Tend To Make Excellent All
Around Athletes, Especially Bodybuilders.

The skin and hair is usually thick in texture and mesomorphs have the tendency to be muscular and ripped, maintaining the best attributes of both the ectomorphs and the endomorphs. It is the middle ground as far as genetics are concerned and these people are able to hold onto the muscle they build, while still losing undesired body fat.

A mesomorph's diet can be high in calories as long as they are physically active. They wouldn't be required to consume as much carbohydrate as ectomorphs because a mesomorphs metabolism is slower. This rather unique mix of mediocre metabolism and rugged structure make for great football players, bodybuilders, and other physical sports.

dot
3. Endomorphs
dot

The somewhat unfortunate end of the spectrum in body type genetics is the endomorph. As with each somatype, there are different degrees to which a person can be labeled as one type or the other. The body of the extreme endomorph is round and soft. The physique shows the delusion that much of the mass has been concentrated in the abdominal area. The arms and legs of the extreme endomorph are short in length which may give the appearance of huskiness. The hands and feet of the endomorph are comparatively small, and the upper arms and thighs are often more developed than the lower parts of the arms or legs and the body has a high waist.

People who are strict endomorphs generally are non-athletes and they carry a high percentage of their weight as body fat. It is the "short end of the stick" when it comes to genetics. Endomorphs really have to watch what they eat because although they can gain muscle fairly easy, it is a burden to strip unwanted body fat. This becomes a problem because it takes endomorphic people longer to lose fat, thus taking a considerable amount of muscle as well.

xxxxx Matt Hollingsworth Overcame His Endomorph Body Type And Lost 100 Lbs
+ Click To Enlarge.
Matt Hollingsworth Overcame His Endomorph Body Type And
Lost 100 Lbs. Check Out His Transformation Here.

Many endomorphs desire a leaner, more defined look, and should try cutting the fats down to a minimum. Lean protein sources are generally recommended and things like sweets and junk food should be consumed at an absolute minimum. It would be beneficial for an endomorph to eat frequent, small meals throughout the day to keep metabolism going so there is a lesser risk for storing extra body fat. Endomorphs should strive for adding some extra muscle as well in order to boost their already slow metabolism.

dot
Conclusion
dot

These three categories of body types are used to predict how certain people will react to certain portions of macronutrients, thus enabling health professionals to determine correct diets and exercise regimens for their clients. It is evident that there are true, distinct differences in the way these genetic hands are dealt. The applied health fields are recognizing these differences and taking action in developing ways to help people on both ends of the spectrum achieve the results they desire no matter what their genetics may be. It is important for everyone to understand his or her own body type so they can lead comfortable healthy lifestyles through correct diet and exercise choices that fit them as individuals.

Recommended Articles

Share This Article:
Facebook

Implications For Your Diet: Know Your Body Type!
CJL1340@aol.com

Back To Connor LaVallie's Main Page

Back To The Articles Main Page.

Related Articles
Armed Warfare: CT Fletcher's Arms Workout
What Is Your Body Type? Results.
Ask The Siege: "How Do I Build Bigger Arms For Summer?"



RATE THIS ARTICLE
POOR
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
EXCELLENT
OVERALL RATING
N/A

Out of 10

0 Ratings

5

Comments

Showing 1 - 5 of 5 Comments

(5 characters minimum)

      • notify me when users reply to my comment
Birdmannan

Rep Power: 0

  • rep this user
Birdmannan

Quite a nice and simple article. Hahaha **** those mesomorphs, it just isn't fair haha.

I know that each person can be fit, but at an initial start the mesomorph is better off. I am an endomorph and constantly struggling to maintain my weight and build strength, and one of my best friends is a mesomorph who doesn't do any training and still out competes me everything to do with physical activity. Anyway enough of that, and again nice article!

Dec 7, 2012 9:03pm | report
 
TheShocker755

Rep Power: 0

  • rep this user
TheShocker755

Ive got multiple friends who were clearly endomorphs but through changes in lifestyle have become much closer to a mesopmorphs shape. All about diet, trainning and dedication no matter what type you are.

Jan 31, 2013 4:30pm | report
loganmikevick

Rep Power: 0

  • rep this user
loganmikevick

definitely a mesomorph, descripton fits me perfectly.

Feb 26, 2013 10:01pm | report
 
kallison19

Rep Power: 0

  • rep this user
kallison19

mesomorph all da way yes!

Sep 19, 2013 1:48am | report
 
Schei2012

Rep Power: 0

  • rep this user
Schei2012

i am a mesomorph.

Nov 6, 2013 7:46pm | report
 
Showing 1 - 5 of 5 Comments

Featured Product

Give Us Feedback:
Report A Problem
Site Feedback
Follow Us:
Twitter
Facebook
RSS Feeds
Bodybuilding.com Newsletter

Receive exciting features,
news & special offers from Bodybuilding.com