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No-Equipment Leg Workout

Adding weight isn't the only way to make lunges and squats more difficult.
Make them more explosive with jumping!

Jump Training: The 4-Move No Equipment Leg Workout

Who says you can't build athletic legs with bodyweight training alone? Blast off into new strength, size, and power by adding a plyometric twist to your lunges and squats!

It's become a common cliché that bodyweight athletes don't have strong legs. Look at the comments on any YouTube clip showcasing advanced calisthenics, and you're bound to see someone hating on the lack of lower-body development. A number of coaches also insist that it's impossible to build a strong, powerful lower body without external weights.

Balderdash, I say! Bodyweight exercises alone can make you every bit as strong as can barbells and dumbbells. You just need to push yourself and get a little creative.

While newcomers need to spend some time honing their bodyweight squats and lunges, it usually doesn't take long for these basic exercises to max out on their strength benefits. Once this occurs, however, adding weight is not the only solution; you can continue to build strength by simply progressing to more difficult bodyweight exercises, like I discuss in my book Pushing The Limits.

Ultimately, I recommend working up to single-leg movements like the pistol squat to get the most out of calisthenics leg training. However, these types of advanced movements may remain out of reach until you've built more strength. As an intermediate step, jump training can add a challenge to your lower-body workouts without the need for weights or equipment. And even if you're well-versed in pistol squats, some of these simple exercises may offer you a new challenge and a welcomed change of pace.

1
Jump Squat

A jump squat is like a regular bodyweight squat, except instead of simply standing up at the top of your range of motion, you jump as high as you can, lifting your knees toward your chest at the top. You can do them jumping in place or up onto an object.

Though your legs obviously do most of the work, jump squats are a full-body exercise, so use your arms to generate momentum. Remember to stay light on your feet and avoid landing with your knees locked. Keep your joints relaxed and do your best to absorb the impact as gently as possible.

Try to go directly from one jump into the next, taking advantage of the elasticity of your muscles and their stretch reflex. If you're not able to do this at first, however, just reset and take a few seconds between reps as needed.

"Though your legs obviously do most of the work, jump squats are a full-body exercise, so use your arms to generate momentum."

2
Broad Jump

Another fun plyometric squat variant, the broad jump is essentially the same as the jump squat except you jump forward, not upward. You still want to lift your legs high as you jump, however; this will help you clear more distance. Leaving your legs dangling isn't as aerodynamic. You'll need a lot of space to practice broad jumps; I recommend a park or field.

Again, try to go from one rep right into the next, though feel free to take a few seconds between reps if you need to when starting out.

"Lunges are one of my favorite leg exercises, but like anything else, they need to be progressed once they cease to be a challenge."

3
Jump Lunge

Lunges are one of my favorite leg exercises, but like anything else, they need to be progressed once they cease to be a challenge.

Start out with a stationary jump lunge by lowering yourself down into a split squat and jumping up at the top, gently landing back into the bottom position with your knees bent. Do several in a row, and then switch legs.

When you get comfortable with those, the cycle lunge is a more advanced jump lunge worth trying. It starts out the same as the stationary jump lunge, but once you're in the air, you'll have to quickly switch your legs before landing. Continue to alternate legs with each rep, going from one right into the next. Feel free to swing your arms for momentum or keep them at your sides. It might take a little practice to land comfortably without losing your balance.

4
Sprinting

Though often overlooked, running is arguably the most natural and fundamental of all lower-body calisthenics exercises. Though most people associate running with long-distance cardio training, sprinting turns up the intensity to such a degree that the body's response is more like performing a heavy set of barbell squats than jogging a 10K. Yes, you can actually build strength and muscle through sprinting!

"The body's response to sprinting is more like performing a heavy set of barbell squats than jogging a 10K."

Remember that when you sprint, both of your feet are often in the air at the same time, so sprinting is pretty much a form of jump training. You can do sprints for time or for distance, but either way, keep them brief and intense for the most strength benefits.

Here's a simple routine that can be done anytime to help you find your footing in jump training.

No-Equipment Explosive Leg Workout

Perform all exercises consecutively, with 1-2 minutes rest between each set.
  • Warm-Up Warm-Up Warm-Up
    Light jogging or jumping jacks for around 5 minutes
  • Jump Squat Jump Squat Jump Squat
    2 sets of 10 reps
  • Broad Jump Broad Jump Broad Jump
    2 sets of 5 reps
  • Jump Lunge Jump Lunge Jump Lunge
    2 sets of 10 reps
  • Sprints Sprints
    2 sets of 10 seconds



There is no single strength building method that's guaranteed to work best for everybody. Weight training will forever have its place in strength and conditioning, but there will always be alternative options to help build athleticism outside of the traditional weight room setting. Bodyweight workouts are often the most practical means of getting a quick but effective workout when you've got a busy schedule and/or don't belong to a gym.

Give the workout above a shot. I promise it will leave your quads aching and your hamstrings hammered.


Recommended For You

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Pistol squats pop up all over the place, but that doesn't make this classic movement any easier. Commit, do the work, and let Al Kavadlo be your guide!

Bodyweight Bust! Four Bodyweight Training Myths Debunked

Don't believe that high-level calisthenics are only for athletes who look a certain way. Everyone can benefit from the unique challenges that come with bodyweight training!

Ask The Muscle Prof: What's The Best Cardio For Preserving Mass?

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About The Author

Al Kavadlo, CSCS is one of the world's leading experts in bodyweight strength training and calisthenics.

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vidhnara

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vidhnara

Love you Al!

Apr 4, 2014 5:55pm | report
 
AlKavadlo

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AlKavadlo

Thanks! :)

Apr 7, 2014 9:19am | report
Pirolai

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Pirolai

wow that that is hardcore must try this out sometime and read the book to get ideas

Apr 6, 2014 7:39pm | report
 
AlKavadlo

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AlKavadlo

Thanks! Give it a shot!

Apr 7, 2014 9:19am | report
kjl24

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kjl24

might give this a try tonight

Apr 7, 2014 9:08am | report
 
AlKavadlo

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AlKavadlo

Go for it!

Apr 7, 2014 9:19am | report
kjl24

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kjl24

Is this just like a circuit? go from the jump squat to broad jump to jump lunge to sprint and repeat?

Apr 7, 2014 9:10am | report
 
AlKavadlo

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AlKavadlo

Yep - just make sure give yourself a minute or two to recover between each exercise.

Apr 7, 2014 9:20am | report
Shahida25

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Shahida25

Plyometrics is always the best way to go and sprinting is a nice shock effect to the body indeed. Love this!

Apr 7, 2014 4:51pm | report
 
silkk111187

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silkk111187

Hey Al! I got a question! I play basketball, I suffered a lower back injury 2 years ago and also a hernia in my lower back L5 to be exact so its hard for me to really workout my legs like I would like too. Would you recommed this kind of workout for me?

Apr 7, 2014 5:30pm | report
 
Kasey411

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Kasey411

Great article! Thanks! I need this workout because I'm not a memeber of a gym yet. It seems like the legs are the hardest to workout without one!

Apr 11, 2014 6:43am | report
 
getswole101

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getswole101

Time to try this. Although I've squatted well over 600lb, I can't jump at all. So I assume this should help - will this work well with a weighted vest?

Apr 11, 2014 8:04am | report
 
chaos9902

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chaos9902

Big chest workout next

Apr 11, 2014 9:23pm | report
 
ashishmad

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ashishmad

as my knee got dislocated while playin rugby... since then m having problem in sprinting and lunge jump.. can you suggest me somthing to improve this?

Apr 14, 2014 12:57am | report
 
venkatesh95

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venkatesh95

how do i increase the intensity cause i do it every 2-3 days with addition of 1 minute skipping.

Apr 14, 2014 3:44am | report
 
asibert2003

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asibert2003

This is a great article, I've helped beginner clients receive tremendous results from workout plans strictly consisting of only bodyweight. Glad i read this!

May 19, 2014 1:47pm | report
 
ElleJuan3553

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ElleJuan3553

TQ for d info.brilliant!

Article Rated:
Jun 17, 2014 12:42pm | report
 
thehousewife

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thehousewife

Can't wait to try these!! Going to incorporate them to build up strength and agility. Thanks for this!

Jul 20, 2014 9:44am | report
 
manuelitog2

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manuelitog2

excellent. i feel this workout..

Jul 31, 2014 11:05am | report
 
Showing 1 - 19 of 19 Comments

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