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Knowing Your Vitamins And Minerals: Deficiency And Excess Side-Effects!

While Vitamins and Minerals are essential to your diet, it is nice to know what a serious deficiency and large excess of each can do to your mental and physical health! Learn more.

Knowing Your Vitamins and Minerals!

While Vitamins and Minerals are essential to your diet, it is nice to know what a serious deficiency and large excess of each can do to your mental and physical health! Considering the Daily Values (DV %) listed on different containers are products, I will let you know what these deficiency and excess side effects are.

Vitamins

Vitamin A

  • A deficiency of Vitamin A can lead you to have side effects including dry skin, dry hair, blindness at nighttime, and an increase in digestive infections.
  • A large excess of Vitamin A can lead to dry skin (just as in a deficiency), hair loss, pain in the abdominals, headaches, and drowsiness.

Vitamin B1

  • A deficiency can cause heart failure and water retention.

Vitamin B2

  • A deficiency can cause areas of discolored skin.

Vitamin B3

  • A deficiency can contribute to damage to the skin and nervous system.
  • A large excess can cause flush skin and liver damage.

Vitamin B6

  • A deficiency can cause nervousness and muscular disorders.
  • A large excess can cause a lack of coordination and numbness.

Vitamin B12

  • A deficiency can cause weakened nerve function.

Vitamin C

  • A deficiency can cause weakened immunity to sickness and slow healing of wounds.
  • A large excess can cause kidney stones and diarrhea.

Vitamin D

  • A deficiency can cause softened bones in adults and bone deformities in children.
  • A large excess can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and kidney damage.

Vitamin E

  • A large excess can cause fatigue and vomiting.

Vitamin K

  • A deficiency can cause severe bleeding and easy bruising.
  • A large excess can cause liver damage.

Minerals

Calcium

  • A deficiency can cause a loss of bone mass and stunted growth.
  • A large excess can cause kidney stones and a lesser absorption of other minerals.

Chloride

  • A deficiency can cause a loss in appetite and muscle cramps.
  • A large excess can cause high blood pressure.

Copper

  • A large excess can cause liver damage and vomiting.

Fluoride

  • A deficiency can cause tooth decay.
  • A large excess can cause upset stomachs and deformed skeletons.

Iodine

  • Both a deficiency and excess can cause enlarged thyroids.

Iron

  • A deficiency can cause a weakened immune system and overall weakness in the body.
  • A large excess can cause liver damage, shock, and heart failure.

Magnesium

  • A deficiency can cause muscle cramps.
  • A large excess can cause neurological problems.

Manganese

  • A large excess can cause nerve damage.

Phosphorus

  • A deficiency can cause weakness.
  • A large excess can lead to a lesser absorption of other minerals.

Potassium

  • A deficiency can cause muscle weakness.
  • A large excess can cause heart failure and paralysis.

Sodium

  • A deficiency can cause muscle cramps and a reduced appetite.
  • A large excess can cause high blood pressure.

Conclusion

I hope now that you have read this, you will have a better understanding of what a large excess and/or a deficiency of different vitamins and minerals can do to your body! Have a great day!

References:

  1. Goodenough, Judith. Biology of Humans: Concepts, Applications, and Issues. 2nd Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007.