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Increase Your Flexibility With These Stretching Techniques!

Stretching has many benefits that cannot only help you trainer harder, but it also helps you in life. Learn more about the importance of flexibility, what determines flexibility, health benefits, types of stretching, and more right here!

By: Matt Weik

A new course is available at Weik University on flexibility. Those interested in sitting through an easy course, no need to look any further because class has just begun.

Everyone is guaranteed an "A" for the course as long as you sit through the course and pay attention (you can take notes if you wish). From there, all you have to do is take what you learned from the course and utilize it during your training protocol.

dot What Is Flexibility? dot

    According to the ACSM, flexibility is the measure of the range of motion at a joint or group of joints and the ability to move a joint through its complete range of motion.

ACSM
Founded in 1954, the American College Of Sports Medicine (ACSM) is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organization in the world. More than 20,000 international, national and regional members are dedicated to advancing and integrating scientific research to provide educational and practical applications of exercise science and sports medicine.

dot ACSM Guidelines dot

    The ACSM recommends stretching three times a week. You want to stretch 10% beyond normal length or to the point of tension (overload but do not overstretch). You want to hold the stretch anywhere from 10-30 seconds. You should ideally try to achieve 3-5 reps with 4 reps being ideal.

Stretching
Enlarge Click Image To Enlarge.
You Want To Stretch 10% Beyond Normal Length.

dot What Determines Flexibility? dot

    There are many things that determine flexibility:

    • The shape of the bones and cartilage in the joint
    • The length and extensibility of muscles, tendons, ligaments, and fascia across the joint (The length of bone segments impacts range of motion)
    • Your personal physical activity
    • Tissue interference occurs when either muscle or fat tissue physically blocks a movement, restricting a joints full range of motion
    • Hormonal influences on muscle elasticity generally make women more flexible than men (sorry guys, we have a disadvantage)
    • Muscle temperature, disease status, tissue interference, gender, age (Increased muscle temperature increases the muscles elasticity)

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Flexibility Training
The entire musculoskeletal system benefits from having good flexibility. Flexibility is essential for normal joint health. Get an update on types of stretching and some of their benefits.
Author:
James Kohler

    Flexibility is joint specific. For instance, the shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body. You can move your shoulder in more directions and has more range of motion than any other joint in the body.

    The elastic and compliant properties are enhanced by regular stretching of the connective tissues. Stretching exercises have the greatest impact on the connective tissues of the muscles and tendons.

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dot Health Benefits Of Flexibility dot

    There are many health benefits that string from working on your flexibility. By working on and improving your flexibility, you will be able to do daily activities much easier.

Stretching
Enlarge Click Image To Enlarge.
There Are Many Health
Benefits From Working On Flexibility.

    For example, those who have problems putting on their shoes and tying them benefit from increased flexibility. People who play sports or workout will find that they have improved athletic performance and fewer injuries. Not to mention that people who have good flexibility have much better posture.

FORUM THREAD
Stretching Routine.
[ Click To Join The Thread. ]
Stretching Routine.
I'm looking for a solid stretching routine to incorporate into my daily plan (including off days)to avoid injury (I'm the king of injuries).
Started By:
FuegoKidd

dot Increasing Flexibility dot

    Stretching is a technique that will definitely improve flexibility. Flexibility is a component of fitness and should be worked on as if it were your cardio or weight training session at the gym.

Stretching
Enlarge Click Image To Enlarge.
Stretching Will Inprove Flexibility.

    Many people neglect working on their flexibility. This cannot only decrease the quality of their life (for instance, not being able to touch your toes or tie your shoes) but it can also cause injuries due to lack of range of motion.

dot What Decreases Flexibility? dot

  • Gender
  • Age
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Sedentary living
  • Tissue injury
  • Joint structure
  • Injury
  • Fat (adipose tissue)
  • Disease
  • Ligaments
  • Tendons
  • Skin
  • Muscles

dot When Do You Stretch? dot

    Stretching should be done after cardio or weight training when the muscles are more pliable. Use the ACSM Guidelines above to stretch after a workout.

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Stretching & The Warmup!
Currently, there seems to be a lot of confusion about how and when stretching should be used as part of the warm-up.
Author:
Brad Walker

    It is important that when stretching, that you don't hold your joints. It is also important that you do not overstretch. Both of these forms could help save you from an injury.

RELATED POLL
When Do You Stretch?

Before Training
After Training
Both
Neither

dot Types Of Stretching dot

    There are two different types of stretching—active and passive.

    1. Active stretching is where you are taking the muscle beyond its normal range of motion with assistance (PNF or with the help of a partner).
    2. Passive stretching allows the muscles and tendons to stretch naturally without the use of additional forces acting on the muscle/tendon. The flexibility gains are not as great with passive stretching as it is with active stretching.

Stretching
Enlarge Click Image To Enlarge.
The Flexibility Gains Are Not
As Great With Passive Stretching.

    There are four major types of stretching—static, PNF, dynamic and ballistic.

    1. Static stretching is a technique where the muscle is slowly stretched and then held in the stretched position for several seconds. This type of stretching allows the muscle to be relaxed so that a greater length can be achieved. It is the most frequently used and most recommended type of stretching. There is a low risk of injury with this technique.
    2. PNF stretching is a much longer stretching session when compared to the other types. It requires a partner's help to utilize this technique. The use of a partner is so that there can be a contraction and relaxation phase. This type of stretching is actually the most effective form of stretching, but it is also considered the most painful type of stretching.

    Stretching
    Enlarge Click Image To Enlarge.
    PNF Stretching Requires A Partner's Help.

    1. Dynamic stretching is a technique that many athletes should be accustomed to. This type of stretching can be in the form of leg swing walks or carioca just to name a few. This is a great way for teens to work on their flexibility in a fun way. It allows them to be active and it can be done with groups and teams. This type of stretching goes for more than two seconds and is done without stopping the movement.
    2. Ballistic stretching is a type of stretching, but it is not recommended for improving flexibility. This type of stretching could lead to muscle soreness and injury because it is possible that this technique could cause small tears in soft tissue due to the bouncing movements that force the muscle to lengthen. Ballistic stretching due to the bouncing, could stretch ligaments too far if the movement is not controlled.

dot
Conclusion
dot

Stretching has many benefits that cannot only help you trainer harder, but it also helps you in life. This is something that many people either forget to do or simply don't care to do following a workout.

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The Secrets Of A Mr. Olympia Breakfast!
In this article I will try to shed some light on some of the reasons for incorporating stretching into your exercise routine.
Author:
David Sloniegura

As you have read above, this is something that you definitely want to add to the end of your training protocol. The extra 10-15 minutes it takes you to stretch is well worth the time and effort. Some gyms even have stretching machines that you can use while there. I find them to be extremely easy to use and I find I get a much better stretch than I would if stretching by myself. The positives definitely outweigh the negatives, so no more excuses. Start stretching!

dot
Bonus
Instructional Stretching Videodot

Click The Play Button To Start The Video.
Or Download Here:

WMV (37.5 MB) - Video iPod (17.2 MB)

Increase Your Flexibility With These Stretching Techniques!
MCWtrainer@aol.com

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