Bodybuilding Contest Preparation - How To Pose, Lesson 10: Muscularity Round.

Posing correctly to present your physique or that of a client is an important element in winning a bodybuilding contest. The following is a muscularity posing lesson and a sneak preview of more to come. Check it out!

Bodybuilding Contest Preparation:
How To Pose Correctly


Posing correctly to present your physique or that of a client in the best light possible is an important element in winning a bodybuilding contest. The following posing lesson is a sneak preview taken from the IAPC (International Academy of Physique Conditioning) Bodybuilding Contest Preparation Course.

It is the world's first bodybuilding contest preparation certification course, and teaches both bodybuilders and personal trainers everything they need to know on how to win a natural bodybuilding show.

Several hundred students from around the world have successfully completed the course since it was released just over 2 years ago. Bodybuilders and personal trainers now have the opportunity to become qualified in bodybuilding contest prep, which can save competitors and trainers years of unnecessary "hit or miss" type regimens and protocols.

Everything from mindset, nutrition, diet and training... through to supplementation and posing - it's all detailed and laid out comprehensively, yet explicitly in a 345 page, 21 lesson printed manual. It was created by Richard Hargreaves, Mr. Australia and Wayne McDonald, BASc and President INBA (International Natural Bodybuilding Association).

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Posing Correctly To Present Your Physique Is An
Important Element In Winning A Bodybuilding Contest.

The Bodybuilding Contest Prep Course is for all types of physique competitors; male and female bodybuilders, Ms. Figure competitors, sports models and bikini style competitors.

It is done via home study, so it can be completed anywhere in the world... and comes complete with official IAPC certification at the end.

Posing Principles - Lesson 10:
Posing For The Muscularity Round Of Judging


  1. Introduction
  2. Front Double Bicep Pose
  3. Front Lat Spread Pose
  4. Side Chest Pose
  5. Side Tricep Pose
  6. Rear Double Bicep Pose
  7. Rear Lat Spread Pose
  8. Abdominal & Thigh Pose

dot Introduction: dot

    Unlike the symmetry round, bodybuilders have more latitude to present their physique during the muscularity round. Studying magazines, videos and attending bodybuilding contests will give you an idea of the various and slight adjustments competitors make to their leg, torso and arm placement in each compulsory pose - to either hide a fault or accentuate an asset.

    A warning here, do not make your adjustment so grand that it is difficult for the judges to compare your physique with the other competitors. Such unique poses can be kept for your individual posing routine.

    Initially practice the compulsory poses in front of a mirror until you can do them correctly. You should also notice the "feel" of each pose - biomechanically "feel" your arm and leg positions. When you are competing on stage, you must rely totally on the feel of the pose. Therefore, once you have your poses refined, practice often without a mirror.

Feeling The Pose
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You Must Rely On The Feel Of The Pose.

    Ask others to critique you, ask them what they like and do not like about each of your poses and correct that which "doesn't seem right". Everyone has an eye for detail, art or beauty, so you do not necessarily need anyone experienced in bodybuilding to tell you if a pose either looks good or has faults.

    Of course, having experienced people help is great. But, it is not a blocking stone. Have confidence in what you see and your own opinion. I have heard in the crowd a novice competitor's grandmother (at her first bodybuilding contest) verbalizing who she likes and why - and pick the placings right!

    Video tape yourself performing your poses. We are our best (and worst) critics, so you will find no better way to correct what you are doing if you watch yourself.


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From The Judges Table!
I sit in amazement at some of the questions I get from bodybuilders after each contest! Here's insight from an IFBB pro judge on what you can do to improve how you place!
Brian Bullman

    A key to successful preparation with your posing is to be aware of these two small but vital points:

    1. There will normally be seven judges assessing the contest and they will be sitting across a space of approximately seven meters (about 20 feet). Therefore you must rotate every pose so the judges sitting on each end of the judging table can see each pose at its best.

      Do not hit static poses during the compulsory rounds. Rotate all your compulsory poses - start doing this during your practice time in front of the mirror and video camera.

    2. Most stage heights are one meter (three feet), so when a judge is seated, their eye-level will be at your toes. Direct your poses downward, lean forward in the front-on poses and when you perform the rear double bicep and rear lat spread, arch your lower back and lean backward to angle your body better for the judges seeing you from ground level.

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Rotate All your Compulsory Poses.

    For organizations around the world there is probably a consensus on seven compulsory poses judged in bodybuilding divisions:

    1. Front Double Biceps
    2. Front Lateral Spread
    3. Side Chest
    4. Side Triceps
    5. Rear Double Biceps
    6. Rear Lateral Spread
    7. Abdominal & Thigh

    Additionally, the organization may ask for further poses, such as:

    1. Most Muscular (Crab Pose)
    2. Best Pose (Favorite Pose)

Most Muscular
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Most Muscular Pose.

    You certainly need to check with the competition organization to get their list of poses for your category. Females typically have less poses because some mandatory poses, like the front lat spread, do not show enough muscularity on (most) female competitors for it to receive the classification of a 'compulsory' pose.

    To break a tie on a particular judge's score sheet, the judge may specifically request a competitor(s) to show any compulsory pose, at any angle or side. So practice the side chest and side tricep pose on both sides of the body.

    More so, a judge can ask for a comparison and select a particular muscle group, like "Gimme your best calf pose." Some requests can take you by surprise (e.g. "Show me a forearm shot - with your arms over your head). Never show your disapproval or confusion - stay professional and quickly make a contraction that will make the muscle respond!


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    Six Major Poses!
    Unfortunately most competitors spend a disproportionate amount of their pre-contest training time working on everything but their posing!

    General Posing Pointers:

    • When executing the compulsory poses it is best to flex the legs first. Start from the floor up with positioning, setting the pose and contracting.
    • Select your best side for the side chest and side tricep pose, but practice the each pose on both sides because a judge may request either side. Plus, it looks good when a competitor turns and displays both sides.
    • Moving (dynamic) muscle looks more impressive than still (static) muscle. Therefore, on your poor poses, keep relaxing and flexing to create a better impression.

      For instance, if the front double bicep is not a strong compulsory pose for you - once you strike the shot, extend your arms out straight and contract them back in.

      While your biceps may not be mountain peaks with snow cover, you can make 12 inch mosquito bites look better with motion.

dot Front Double Bicep Pose: dot

    This is the first pose the judges see. It is the most important pose. The judges will be hoping the competitors confirm their placing "predictions" - so they can put their pens down and relax. It is also the measure of the number one muscle group - the biceps - the hallmark of a bodybuilder.

    Therefore, if it is your best pose, relish the time and milk the pose for all it is worth. If it is a poor pose for you, even after making adjustment and movement to hide your weakness, hit it fast and move on.

Front Double Biceps Front Double Biceps
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This Is The First Pose The Judges See.

    By striking the pose, rotating to all the judges then quickly breaking the pose - you may be able to control (reduce) the time other competitors have for displaying the pose. If not, start creating some movement in the pose, do not flutter like a featherless bird, but do take the attention away from what you are lacking.

    Points to remember with front double bicep pose:

    • Pose with your elbows level with each other or slightly higher than the horizontal plane. But definitely not lower than horizontal!
    • Bring the elbows slightly forward thus allowing you to squeeze your chest and spread your lats.
    • Cock your wrists down, thumb pointing to the bicep. This will "fill-in" the space between your arms. and bicep creating the look of fuller arms.

    Males usually stand with legs straight and flexed, while females put one leg in front to accentuate the curvature of the body. Now inflate your chest, taking a deep breath and raise your arms to flex the biceps.


Mandatory Posing:
Front Double Biceps

Click The Play Button To Start The Video.
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    Variations in this pose:

    • Either suck in your stomach which creates a vacuum effect making your mid-section tiny and everything else appear huge. Alternatively, crunch your abdominals and show a muscular wall.
    • Tilt your torso, a.k.a Frank Zane style.
    • Change the angle of your arms, both parallel to the floor or both above parallel. Otherwise, place one arm parallel and the other arm higher than parallel.
    • Select your leg position to expose your "best" leg or to enable you to flex both of them better.

    Ms. Figure competitors keep their hands "open" during the muscularity poses. The elbow and arm position is noticeably higher because judges do not want to see a large degree of muscularity; rather they want a nice flow of the body and sleek arms.

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Ms. Figure Competitors Keep Their Hands
Open During The Muscularity Poses.

    The leg position can also vary much more than with the bodybuilders because the judging emphasis is on an aesthetic shape rather than comparing 'muscle with muscle.'

    Ms. Figure competitors often place one leg out to the side to either hide thick legs or extenuate their shape. Alternatively, they can position one leg in front, actually crossing across the body slightly, to create an hour glass profile and curving shape.

dot Front Lat Spread Pose: dot

    For this pose flex your legs and place your hands around your waist just above the hips. The trick for novices when striking this pose is not to let your oily hands slip off your waist like you are Jet Li throwing martial art star blades.

    To prevent your hands slipping from their position start with your palms facing downwards and hook your thumbs around your waist, at the top of your hip bone and push your fists into your body.

Front Lat Spread Pose
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Push Your Fists Into Your Body.

    For those with a poor back development, but good (flexible) scapula structure, push your grip inwards, take a deep breath and raise your shoulders as if shrugging. Just the spread of your scapula will make you look wide.


Mandatory Posing:
Front Lat Spread

Click The Play Button To Start The Video.
Or Download Here:
Windows Media (2.2 MB) - Video iPod (4.6 MB)

    If you do have good back development or a narrow back, do the opposite, push your shoulders down and pull your elbows forward, spreading the muscle mass and scapulas wide. Either way, the idea is to use your hands to make your waist smaller and the barn doors (lats) wider. Ms. Figure competitors and even female bodybuilders are rarely required to perform this pose.

dot Side Chest Pose: dot

    In this pose the leg facing (front) the judges will have the toes next to the ankle of the rear leg. Elevate your front heel and flex your calf and tense your thighs to show the fullness of the upper leg and calf.

    Place one hand over or near the wrist of the other hand while standing side-on to the judges. Take a deep breath to inflate and elevate the chest. Flex to display the muscles of the chest and arms.

Side Chest Pose Side Chest Pose
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Flex To Display The Muscles
Of The Chest And Arms.

    Remember to keep the shoulders rolled back. This a great pose to manipulate. There are many changes to the angles of arms to make the pose more effective for you. Plus, use the compression of your body against your arms to make them more muscular and alternatively use the compression of your arms to make your chest better.


Mandatory Posing:
Side Chest

Click The Play Button To Start The Video.
Or Download Here:
Windows Media (2.2 MB) - Video iPod (4.6 MB)

    Ms. Figure competitors generally twist their torso to display their chest more front-on. Also, Ms. Figure competitors experiment with striking this pose with a lunging stance to extenuate the fine details in their legs.

dot Side Tricep Pose: dot

    With this pose place your legs in the same manner as the side chest pose. Now place your hands behind the body and grasp the wrist. Take a deep breath to fill and elevate the chest and roll the shoulder back.

    At the same time squeeze the (arm) tricep against the body to both flatten and add size to its appearance. Practice rotating the arm in different directions which will create differing tensions to the various muscles of your arm (tricep/bicep/delt). Choose the angle that makes the arm most muscular.

Side Tricep Pose
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Choose The Angle That Makes
The Arm Most Muscular.

    This pose does not have to relate to the triceps at all - that is just the name of the pose. Your aim is to make the whole picture as muscular as possible. Also try tilting your hips higher on the side facing the judges, so when you crunch down and flex the mid-section, your obliques will be more pronounced.


Mandatory Posing:
Side Triceps

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Or Download Here:
Windows Media (2.2 MB) - Video iPod (4.6 MB)

    Ms. Figure competitors can perform the bodybuilding style but they have more freedom in their posing. Another popular option of showing the triceps is in front of the body. In this position, the Ms. Figure competitor can display her back and glutes!

dot Rear Double Bicep Pose: dot

    In the rear double bicep pose you must have your calf flexed. Place one leg back and tense the calf and hamstring. If you have equal development in both legs, on the next rear pose (rear lat spread) change the leg you put back and flex. Judges will note the accomplishment.

    Lean backward to angle yourself towards the judges. Flex and crush your back by bringing your elbows slightly back and your wrists back even further. Your elbows should be more frontward (away from the judges) than your hands. With your spine rounded, your shoulder blades should be spread and your back muscles should be flexed.

Rear Double Bicep Pose Rear Double Bicep Pose
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Judges Will Note The Accomplishment.

    To really bring out the lower back, tense your abs. I like to see a competitor turn their head and look at one bicep, if you have a great bicep peak this will focus attention on it. Plus, seeing part of your face is better than seeing the bald spot of others. Not to mention, it can bring out some striation across the top of your back.


Mandatory Posing:
Rear Double Biceps

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Or Download Here:
Windows Media (2.8 MB) - Video iPod (5.7 MB)

    When you are doing a lat pulldown in the gym, just imagine you are hitting the rear double bicep as you pull the bar down and likewise on stage duplicate the feel of a lat pulldown and bring out the muscularity.

dot Rear Lat Spread Pose: dot

    Again, this rear pose is conducted displaying one calf flexed. Lean slightly back to show the full width of the upper back whilst highlighting the lower back as well.

    Start this pose by circling your straight arms around behind you, crunching your back. This is a good pose for the Gregory Peck's (great actors) of the sport. Then slowly and dramatically spread your wings to full extension.

Rear Lat Spread Pose
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Spread Your Wings To Full Extension.


Mandatory Posing:
Rear Lat Spread

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Windows Media (2.6 MB) - Video iPod (5.4 MB)

dot Abdominal & Thigh Pose: dot

    Place one leg forward whilst flexing your thigh to show thigh muscularity and definition. Place your hands behind your head or neck with elbows slightly upwards. This will automatically stretch the abdominals. Squeeze and crush from side to side, as this will accentuate the obliques.

Abdominal & Thigh Pose Abdominal & Thigh Pose
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Squeezing From The Side Will Accentuate The Obliques.

    Alternatively, place your hands on your hips and tense your arms. Take a deep breath and suck in your stomach, then exhale and crush down on the abdominals to bring out the definition.


Mandatory Posing:
Abdominal And Thigh

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Or Download Here:
Windows Media (1.4 MB) - Video iPod (3 MB)


This concludes your sneak preview of the IAPC Certificate In Bodybuilding Contest Preparation Course presented to you by

We hope and trust you have enjoyed and benefited from this small excerpt of the comprehensive 345 page course which covered just one lesson (Lesson 10 - Posing For The Muscularity Round Of Judging) from section 3 of the course.

There are 20 more complete lessons to be found in the course and we encourage you to visit now to learn more.