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Lifting 2.0: The New Biology Of Bigger Muscles

A global strength-training renaissance is underway! Modern science is leading coaches and trainers toward a better understanding of how we should train and why. Use their work to your advantage!

In the fitness world, certain truths are held to be self-evident: Big lifts produce big gains, greater intensity fuels greater results, and less rest equals less fat and more strength. But science is now finding that many of these hard-and-fast muscle rules are not as immutable as we once thought.

"We're a lot smarter than we were even five years ago," says Bill Hartman, C.S.C.S., co-owner of Indianapolis Fitness and Sports Training. "Researchers and trainers are all starting to agree on what works and what doesn't."

The guessing game, in other words, is finally coming to an end. Read on to discover how the nation's top fitness coaches are incorporating lab-tested strength secrets into their workout plans, and how you can do the same to lift more weight, build more muscle, and lose those 10 extra pounds you've been complaining about since college. The path to the body you've always wanted starts here.

Old Way: Stretch for Strength
New Way /// Warm Up with Jumps

There is a reason why sprinters hop a few times before stepping into the starting blocks. Practice jumps kickstart the central nervous system, helping to activate more muscle fibers.

"The name for this neuromuscular priming is post-activation potentiation (PAP)," says Tony Gentilcore, C.S.C.S., co-owner of Cressey Performance in Hudson, Massachusetts. "And it's a key to greater strength both in and out of the gym."

Consider this: Separate studies published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research show that inducing PAP through jumps can help you leap more than seven percent higher and squat nearly 18 more pounds.

Apply It: For an immediate boost prior to a lower-body exercise, do three quick countermovement jumps: Push your hips back, bend your knees, and leap vertically. For upper-body moves, Gentilcore recommends a single, extra-heavy rep at the beginning of an exercise. "It fires up your nervous system and makes the subsequent reps feel significantly lighter."

Old Way: Go Hard or Go Home
New Way /// Do Less Work, Better

You don't have to push your body to the limit to see results, says Martin Rooney, C.S.C.S., CEO of Training for Warriors. "Training eventually becomes less effective as you tire and your form breaks down," he says.

After that threshold, gains dwindle and injury risk increases. The key is to figure out the dose that helps you meet your goals without jeopardizing your health.

Apply It: Don't do more than a total of 22 good sets in a workout if you're looking to bulk up, says Rooney. Also, limit yourself to 4 sets per exercise. Researchers in Australia found that more than 4 sets offers diminishing returns.

Old Way: Always Lift Heavy
New Way /// Go Light to Grow Big

"High weight, low reps" is the classic mantra of men who are trying to pack on size and strength.

But a new study in the Journal of Applied Physiology found that lifting lighter weights for more reps—3 sets of up to 30 reps—can boost growth as much as lifting heavy weights in the 8-12-rep range.

"As long as your muscles reach fatigue, they'll grow," says John Romaniello, N.S.C.A.-C.P.T., owner of Roman Fitness Systems. "And some muscles, like those in your lower body, respond better to high reps."

Apply It: Do "breathing reps" for several of your lifts. Load a bar with a weight you can squat, press, or lift 12-15 times, and do those reps.

Without letting go of the bar, set it down, take two breaths, and do 1-or-2 more repetitions.

Continue the process until you reach 20 reps. That's 1 set; do 3 sets total.

"Including both high- and low-rep sets in your workouts ensures that you hit both your fast-and your slow-twitch muscle fibers," says Romaniello.

Old Way: Hoist More Weight
New Way /// Haul More Weight

Most men are accustomed to lifting, pushing, and pressing heavy loads. But when asked to carry one—whether it's a sandbag, kettlebell, or air conditioner—many become a stumbling mess after a few paces.

"They challenge your entire body, especially your lateral core strength, which is critical for everything from fast cuts to powerful serves," says Stuart McGill, Ph.D., author of the seminal study on the subject, published in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. That's because "loaded carries" simultaneously test your stability, mobility, balance, and grip while keeping your muscles under constant tension.

Apply It: Add the suitcase carry to your next workout. Grab a heavy kettlebell or dumbbell (45 pounds is a good starting weight) and walk forward and backward for 30-75 seconds.

"The asymmetrical load works your obliques—which are important for lateral core strength—as well as your glutes, which are essential for athletic power," says McGill.

Old Way: Watch the Clock
New Way /// Personalize Your Rest

Trainers know that exercise affects everyone differently, and Brazilian researchers recently confirmed that notion when they found that people differ significantly in their recovery needs. Without proper recovery, performance suffers, especially if you're doing circuits.

"Use a heart rate monitor to customize your rest," says Rachel Cosgrove, co-owner of Results Fitness in California. "Waiting until your heart rate reaches a certain level results in true recovery between work periods, which is particularly beneficial for losing weight."

Apply It: Determine your maximum heart rate: Multiply your age by 0.7 and then subtract that number from 207. Then strap on a heart rate monitor and track your pulse between circuits.

When it drops to 75 percent of your maximum, begin your next one. "Your rest periods will become longer the farther you get into your workout," says Cosgrove. "But your form—and performance—should be better throughout."


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About The Author

Men's Health (MH), published by Rodale Inc., is the world's largest men's magazine with 39 editions in 46 countries.

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PDeV1

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PDeV1

this is all real ! Working in metaphysics programs : 18 training of 6-8 reps, 18 of 10-40 reps, 9 of super set between 12-15 reps and come back to streng. It works for growing. Never droped lower than 6 reps and I progress. The form is important and the feeling of the muscle working too. Graet article, 20/10

Article Rated:
Mar 5, 2013 7:27pm | report
 
straightmirin

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straightmirin

Kris get thin wasnt smoking crack when he reccomended DTP for growth.

Mar 6, 2013 8:25am | report
 
bmireles81

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bmireles81

Kris is the man! Love that DTP workout.

Mar 6, 2013 10:33pm | report
ahinton36

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ahinton36

It's really hard to accept changes like this when you've heard the same thing for so long

Mar 6, 2013 3:00pm | report
 
tranimalmode

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tranimalmode

I've been doing Yate's style of training for a month and have never looked back.

Mar 6, 2013 5:11pm | report
 
CaseyofDoom

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CaseyofDoom

My gym time has been very inconsistant with sometimes as much as 6 months in between workouts. With that said I've been doing Yates style training for 2.5 years and am up 20lbs . Efficient and effective.

Mar 6, 2013 5:28pm | report
cmyles

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cmyles

what does 'yates' style of training mean?

Mar 6, 2013 6:49pm | report
CaseyofDoom

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CaseyofDoom

Look up Dorian Yates Blood and Guts.

Mar 6, 2013 8:00pm | report
Sargamatha

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Sargamatha

Only manlets commenting. You guys will gain weight either way as you're short.

Mar 6, 2013 6:52pm | report
 
travis132

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travis132

Lol agreed hahaha

Mar 7, 2013 1:06pm | report
guileboom

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guileboom

Don't do more than a total of 22 good sets in a workout if you're looking to bulk up, ??? so is this sets of HIGH reps 10 or low reps like 6-8? im confuse or it applies to BOTH? please i want to know.

Mar 6, 2013 9:46pm | report
 
tmittan

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tmittan

So which is it? Do Less Work Better or Go Light to Grow Big

Mar 7, 2013 8:27am | report
 
Sabeque

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Sabeque

thanks for this article, interesting stuff

Mar 7, 2013 9:11am | report
 
KBoss302

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KBoss302

I have found working in the 20-30 rep range (sets taken to complete failure) is highly beneficial for new muscle growth. It's helped me add some great new size.

But this method doesn't work because you're stimulating the "slow twitch fibers," as this article suggests. Rather, it works because it creates chemical damage in the muscle (the build up of metabolic toxins). And this is shown to stimulate protein synthesis.

If you're in a rut, I highly recommend trying this for a couple weeks. Do one week in the 20-30 rep range. The next in the 15-20 rep range. The re-introduce the heavier loads to help keep strength levels up.

Mar 7, 2013 11:21am | report
 
nyhota7

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nyhota7

This is pretty much explaining the Y3T program

Mar 7, 2013 3:59pm | report
 
blittlelight

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blittlelight

I hit a wall where my work outs felt non effective even though I was lifting as much as I could for each set. Started a similar principle on my own noticing some real positive results.

Mar 7, 2013 4:46pm | report
 
saevus

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saevus

This is certainly great advice. Some of it already worked for me in the past. I'm gonna apply it all to my routine, asap.

Article Rated:
Mar 7, 2013 5:09pm | report
 
jackwhitey2

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jackwhitey2

This is so true, we are just now beginning to understand how the body works. We are better understanding the proteins in our bodies and how they react for muscle growth. The pH levels and balance of the body is so important for overall health, the testosterone levels of both men and woman is what allows us to have good energy and healthy growth.

Article Rated:
Mar 27, 2014 4:07pm | report
 
Showing 1 - 18 of 18 Comments

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