Creatine Monohydrate is one of the original forms of creatine that was introduced in the form of a supplement. It is a compound made up of three amino acids: Arginine, Methionine, and Glycine, and is produced primarily in the liver. It can also be found in various meats and fish. Creatine provides additional energy to the muscles, acts as a lactic acid buffer, serves as a hydration mechanism for the cells, and enhances protein synthesis.*
The full potential of creatine as a supplement is limited by the lactamation reaction, which alters a major part of the creatine consumed into inert creatinine; this reaction binds the amino group of creatine with its acid group. This reaction will essentially lock up the creatine molecule, transforming it into creatinine and making it anabolically inert. Creatine MagnaPower® eliminates this disadvantage by mixing the creatine with magnesium. Magnesium has strong alkali properties that decrease the environmental acidity of creatine and preserve it in its ready-to-use solution.*
Pyruvate is a by-product produced in the body during the normal metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates. When glucose is broken down, it produces two molecules of pyruvate; when oxygen levels in the body are high, the pyruvate breaks down into carbon dioxide via a series of reactions in the Krebs cycle. When oxygen levels in the body are insufficient, pyruvate is broken down, anaerobically, to form lactic acid. Increased levels of lactic acid elicit decreased performance levels. Creatine pyruvate introduces lactic acid buffering properties and extends this process so an athlete can train for longer durations of time. Pyruvate also promotes glucose extraction from the bloodstream and into the muscle tissues.*
Di-Creatine Malate is a highly soluble creatine salt that enhances the creatine bioavailability over regular creatine monohydrate. This particular compound of creatine is combined with malic acid, which plays a natural role in our energy cycle. Malic acid and creatine combined offers a much greater rate of ATP production and may help enhance athletic performance and endurance.*
Beta-Alanine is a non-essential amino acid and is the only naturally occurring beta-amino acid. When engaging in intense training, the body will accumulate large amounts of hydrogen ions (H+), which cause the muscles’ pH to decrease and become more acidic. When pH decreases, strength will also begin to subside and fatigue will set in. These limitations hinder you from adequately overloading your muscles and inhibit muscle gains. By supplementing with beta-alanine, the body’s carnosine levels will increase. Carnosine acts as an intracellular buffer, which aids in stabilizing muscular pH by soaking up hydrogen ions that are released during exercise.*
Malic acid is a dicarboxylic acid made by all living organisms. It is formed in metabolic cycles in the cells and is produced and broken down in the human body every day. Malic acid is involved in cell metabolism and is the source of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which assumes a central role in the energy production rates of all cells in the human body. For instance, in both the glyoxalate and Kreb cycles, it provides the cells with carbon skeletons and energy for the formation of amino acids.*
L-Tyrosine is a non-essential amino acid with a polar side group found in foods such as fish, dairy and meat. L-tyrosine is a precursor to several neurotransmitters including epinephrine. These chemicals are in charge of various functions such as energy, mood and appetite. Tyrosine has been suggested to enhance the metabolic rate of the body.*
L-Histidine is a derivative from the amino acid, Histamine. Histamine is a hormone/chemical transmitter involved in the regulation of stomach acid production and serves as a mediator of immediate hypersensitivity in allergic reactions. When released from cells, histamine causes vasodilation and plays a key role in the production of red and white blood cells. Supplementation with histidine has been suggested to increase muscle carnosine concentrations. When combined with beta-alanine, the effects are enhanced.*
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