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How Can You Use Different Forms Of Protein To Your Advantage?

How Can You Use Different Forms Of Protein To Your Advantage? Our forum members have put together a comprehensive list of proteins including benefits of each form, schedules, and more. Read on for the details.

By: Topic Of The Week


TOPIC: How Can You Use Different Forms Of Protein To Your Advantage?

The Question:

Whey, milk, egg, and soy are some of the "mainstream" names, but to the bodybuilding community it gets broken down even more.

Types of Protein:

  • Whey protein isolate
  • whey protein concentrate
  • Hydrolyzed whey
  • Calcium caseinate
  • Egg white
  • Whole egg
  • Micellar casein
  • Etc, etc, etc...

What are the benefits of all these different forms of protein?

How can we use these different forms to our advantage?

What would be an ideal daily schedule of protein consumption?

Bonus Question: Money aside, which form of protein do you believe is most beneficial? Why?

Show off your knowledge to the world!

The Winners:

    Prizes:
      1st place - 75 in store credit.
      2nd place - 50 in store credit.
      3rd place - 25 in store credit.

To use your credit, e-mail Will @ will@bodybuilding.com for more info.


1st Place - bitterplacebo
Contact This Author Here.

As the main facilitator of muscle growth and repair, protein is often the solution to everyone's mass building and fitness predicaments. Of course, the simple way for increasing muscle mass would be to just ingest more protein from any food source. This is an attempt to provide the body with the building blocks for new muscle, amino acids. Unfortunately, simple approaches can often yield simple results.

This is exactly why it is important to be knowledgeable about the multitude of dietary protein sources that are available. The effects between protein sources can differ significantly, with each type providing certain benefits unavailable elsewhere. These unique traits can be manipulated to our advantage in the overall scheme of fitness and bodybuilding in order to achieve more promising results.


What Are The Benefits Of All These Different Forms Of Protein?

Whey Protein Isolate

  • Whey proteins can help increase antioxidant levels and give the immune system a boost.
  • 90-98% protein content with a high biological value.
  • Is optimized to contain the best combinations of amino acids to improve body composition and athletic performance.
  • Hormonal responses can be enhanced.
  • Highly soluble and absorbed by the body more quickly than other proteins. This is useful as a fast nourishment.
  • Can help in weight management by stabilizing blood glucose levels, lowering hunger, and taking more energy to digest than other foods.

    View Top Selling Whey Protein Isolate Products Here.

Whey Protein Concentrate

  • 70-85% protein content, and has a lower biological value than whey protein isolate. However, it is less expensive than isolate.
  • Provides same benefits as isolate version, but less efficiently.

    View Top Selling Whey Protein Products Here.

Hydrolyzed Whey

  • Often a whey protein isolate, except some of the bonds between its amino acid structure have been enzymatically broken. This ultimately improves absorption in the human stomach. Despite the benefit of better digestibility, the process often leaves the whey with a bitter, unpleasant taste and increases manufacturing cost.

Egg Whites

  • Eggs are such a good source of protein that other foods are rated against them as a measure of protein quality.
  • Contain all essential amino acids.
  • Has the highest bioavailability possible. This means the human body can utilize the protein from egg whites in its entirety.
  • Are available in both liquid and powder form for convenience and differing preferences. The whites are often likely to be pasteurized and do not require cooking, making them safe to digest without preparation.

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Whole Eggs

The whole egg, including the yolk, contains even more beneficial qualities than the whites alone.

  • Eggs provide iron, B vitamins, and vitamin E.
  • Only a fourth of the fat in the yolk is saturated.
  • Contains cholesterol: it's a precursor for the synthesis of steroid hormones, and sex hormones. So the body does have uses for cholesterol. However, too much cholesterol can have undesired effects. At most one yolk a day is probably sufficient for most.

    View Top Selling Egg Protein Products Here.

Micellar Casein

  • This type of protein happens to be digested slower than any other type. The benefit of this is that the presence of amino acids in the blood stream are elevated and sustained for about 6 to 7 hours. In effect, this provides a great anti-catabolic effect in preventing muscle breakdown.
  • Micellar casein shows a high level of glutamine, an amino acid that is most abundant in muscle tissue. Glutamine helps repair muscles and increase cell volume.
  • Contains protein fractions (Glycomacropeptides, Lactoperoxidase, & Lactoferrin) that causes the release of a hormone (Cholecystokinin) to reduce appetite.
  • Has protein fractions (Immunoglobulins) related to strengthening the immune system.
  • Other growth factors are present within the fat globule membrane of micellar casein.

    View Top Selling Micellar Casein Products Here.

Calcium Caseinate

  • Low in lactose, sodium, and fat. Often higher protein ratio than micellar casein.
  • Rich in calcium and provides the same slower break down rate as micellar casein.
  • Happens to be a protein that can neutralize the hot/spicy ingredients found in chili peppers. (Could be useful knowledge)

Hemp Protein

Not as widely used as many protein powders, but has many benefits.

  • Provides essential fatty acids in a favorable ratio.
  • Provides well-balanced array of essential amino acids, and relatively high levels of branched-chain amino acids that are important in the metabolism in exercising muscles.
  • Has a high fiber and antioxidant content.
  • A good source of vitamins and minerals.
  • Hemp is 100% raw, organic, and unmodified genetically for vegetarians to use as a source of protein.
  • Its flavor is pleasantly nutty.
  • Vendors are often advocates of sustainable agriculture and donate portions of sales to such causes.

Milk Protein Isolate

  • This protein is simply a mixture of all the proteins found in milk, which are mostly whey and casein in nature.
  • Filtration of lactose and fat content are common, effectively leaving only quality protein.
  • Protein from milk has an excellent bioavailability, second only to soy and eggs.

Soy Protein

  • Does not contain fat or cholesterol.
  • It is lactose free and often used as a substitute in dairy products.
  • It can also substitute for meat when a vegetarian diet is necessary.
  • May help support the human immune system through soy's content of saponins.
  • Has been shown to have antioxidant effects. This means soy will reduce damage to cells caused by free radicals.
  • The FDA authorized the claim that soy can help reduce the risk of heart disease and levels of cholesterol.
  • Soy is the only plant-based complete protein source, consisting of all the necessary amino acids.
  • It rivals the egg in terms of bioavailability, both having the highest score possible.

    View Top Soy Products Here.

Meat Sources

  • Meat is simply muscle tissue. As such, it is high in protein content and contains all the essential amino acids.
  • Red meat contains additional nutrients like iron and zinc.
  • The solid nature of meat means it can take longer to digest than protein powders. This can help in maintaining a full feeling and prevent feelings of hunger.


How Can We Use These Different Forms To Our Advantage?

Protein Strategy 1: Tips For Before & After Workout.

    The most important aspect of different proteins to take advantage of is their absorption rates. Whey protein happens to be quickly absorbed by the body. Getting amino acids into the blood stream fast would be best for times when they are in most demand.

    This happens to be during workouts where blood is actively being routed into muscle tissue, pushing necessary nutrients into it when coping with the heavy demand placed on it. Because nutrients are delivered so greatly during exercise, it's important to have them in the blood stream beforehand.

    Afterwards is also important, as exhausted muscles are now primed for taking in the nutrients required for recovery. A fast acting protein like whey before and after a workout is a must for anyone serious about building muscle mass.

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Protein Strategy 2: Tips For Every Meal

  • Alternate meals to consist of either powder/liquid or a solid (meat or soy) protein source to help improve appetite, digestion, and feelings of fullness.
  • Because of its fiber, hemp protein can be used to improve waste removal and keep the digestive system healthy. Taken with any meal containing carbohydrates, it can help regulate the absorption of glucose into the blood stream and control insulin levels from spiking.
  • Egg whites can be used to provide a pure, efficient protein, void of fat content, for use with any meal.

Protein Strategy 3: Tips For Mornings & Nights

    For the first and last meal of any day, it's important to have nutrition that can sustain us acceptably throughout our waking and dream worlds. A slow absorption rate of protein is ideal in order to steadily help prevent any catabolic environment from occurring during our lengthy and busy days.

    However, it's probably even more important to have this reliable anabolic drive during our sleep cycles, where we typically go unfed for upwards of eight hours. The best way to prevent muscle breakdown, is to have a regular source of protein and amino acids to rely on. Casein protein presents exactly this.


What Would Be An Ideal Daily Schedule Of Protein Consumption?

Following the strategies outlined above, daily protein consumption is best spread out evenly among approximately six meals. This ensures that nutrients are readily available throughout the day, with muscle tissue never found wanting and wasting.

Remembering that protein is the greatest ally in muscle building and preservation, quantity is every bit as important as quality. For muscle mass maintenance and growth it's often recommended to consume at least 1-1.5 grams of protein per pound of body weight. Even 2 or more grams is not unheard of, and many could benefit from such a great amount. This is taken into account in the following "ideal" protein schedule.

PROTEIN CALCULATOR
Weight
Results
Protein
Or

Amount Of Protein For Each Meal: 1/4 of bodyweight (pounds)--have at least that many grams of protein from suggested protein sources

Meal 1 (After Waking)

    Presuming one did not wake up in the middle of the night for a snack, the body has just gone through a lengthy fast without any additional sources of nutrition. This means the muscles are basically starving and can benefit from a quickly absorbed protein source. As we know whey meets this requirement exceptionally, but it still may not be the best choice.

    After just waking up, most of us have a long day ahead of us. So, it's best to set ourselves up for the long haul by getting in some nutrients that can sustain us for longer periods of time. Casein proteins happen to be perfect for this with their slow, steady absorption rate. Solid foods might also help us here since they take longer to digest. A whole egg, egg whites, soy, or meat source would be a good choice here.

    Fortunately, we already know of a source of protein which contains both casein and whey. It's milk, and happens to be the ideal breakfast food. Since it might be difficult to drink the amount of milk necessary for meeting protein requirements, milk isolate powders are helpful.

    Best Protein Sources:

    • Milk/Milk Isolate
    • Whole Egg
    • Egg Whites
    • Hemp Protein
    • Meat
    • Soy

Meal 2 (Pre-Workout)

    The pre-workout plan should be to have necessary nutrients in the blood stream so that they can be pushed through muscle tissue during exercise. This meal should be no more than an hour before working out. Note that hemp protein was left out of this meal to try to make the workout free of any mildly "discomforting" effects that the fiber of hemp may have. Otherwise, hemp protein is definitely beneficial in any other meal due to its fiber content.

    Best Protein Sources:

    • Whey Isolate
    • Egg Whites
    • Meat
    • Soy

Meal 3 (Post-Workout)

    Assuming that the workout was intense, overloaded muscles are now primed for growth. This is absolutely one of the best times to nourish the body with the only nutrient responsible for building muscle - protein. However, there are all kinds of different suggestions for what the best "window" of opportunity is for getting this nutrition.

    The most common belief is that protein synthesis is best during a one hour window following a workout. There are even the extremists who advocate consumption as soon as their last set is done and the weight is put down. In reality, such practices have been shown to result in about 30% lower rates of protein synthesis.

    Research suggests that there is actually a whole 24 hour period of enhanced responsiveness for protein synthesis. With elevations of about 33% lingering all the way through 48 hours. Ultimately it's not the timing of protein decide gains, it's the intensity and efficient overloading of muscles during the workout.

    Still not convinced? Think about it this way. The human body goes into something called "fight or flight" mode under intense activities. When facing a lion, would you rather have blood diverted into the muscle tissues in your legs arms and legs, or going to the stomach to help digest that last meal? Keeping in mind that long term preservation is the body's specialty, blood is shunted into muscles when intense situations occur.

    Lifting weight intensely imposes a similar stress upon the body. Those who think their protein digestion will be better immediately after their weight training are sorely mistaken. Relaxation is required in order for digestion to work properly.

    The best strategy to use post-workout would be to have a "fast" protein after getting home and washing up after the bout at the gym. Remember, it's not a race and there's not a rush. The human body is often forgiving and will understand if it doesn't get fed immediately within an hour of completing an exercise. It is good, though, to have some whey protein for this meal in order to spike the level of amino acids in the blood.

    Best Protein Sources:

    • Whey Isolate
    • Egg Whites
    • Hemp Protein

Meal 4

    Because there's nothing inherently special about this time, just go ahead and have some regular food. The presence of a solid food source here will do well to stave off hunger.

    Best Protein Sources:

    • Egg Whites
    • Hemp Protein
    • Meat
    • Soy

Meal 5

    Since it's been a while since the workout, it might be important to give the body another abrupt dosage of amino acids. We know that the body is primed for protein synthesis for almost a day or more after intense exercise. So, it makes sense to give the body more than just a single spike of amino acids to work with. Having another high protein shake with some whey in it will give you another great chance for your muscles to catch up on nutrition for growth.

    Best Protein Sources:

    • Whey Protein
    • Egg Whites
    • Hemp Protein
    • Meat
    • Soy

Meal 6 (Right Before Sleeping)

    A critical time for getting a quality protein that will sustain the body throughout the nocturnal resting duration. The best way to do this is through the slow absorption/release rate of casein protein. A whole egg is also not a bad choice as the fats it contains gives it a slightly slower digestive property, while still providing the most efficient type of protein there is.

    Best Protein Sources:

    • Casein Protein
    • Egg Whites
    • Whole Egg


Bonus Question:
Money Aside, Which Form Of Protein Do You Believe Is Most Beneficial? Why?

Egg whites are the most beneficial form of protein and are far more beneficial than anything else out there. It's simply pure protein at its best - nothing more, nothing less. There's no novelty ingredients surrounded by speculations about working better at this or that.

Consumption of eggs for bodybuilding has been around since the turn of the 20th century, even before the processing of whey began in the late 1930s.

Vince Gironda, a natural "Iron Guru" bodybuilder, began competing in the 1950s. He often recommended up to 36 eggs a day for 8 weeks to aid in building muscle. Such a strong advocation before all the marketing hypes, propaganda, and product endorsements really says something about effectiveness. Egg whites, the best protein, are tried and true throughout all years of bodybuilding.

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References:


2nd Place - Heinlbag
The building blocks to your mansion
Contact This Author Here.

"How do I get big?" That's the question I get asked most frequently without a doubt. I don't speculate, don't give fancy answers and don't beat around the bush; keep it basic. "Protein" I tell 'em. Together with that question, I usually get looked at awkwardly, and even more guy's walk away thinking: "What a lame answer, man that didn't help me at all." But it's ok, one day; they too, will see the light called 'Protein'.

Because you see: protein isn't just powder, it's not just amino acids and it's not just vanilla, strawberry, chocolate or whatever flavor. It's my 'bestest' buddy! And I use it to my advantage the best I can:

Whey Protein:

    Whey is arguably the most well known protein out there. Whey has an extremely high rate of BCAA's (Branched-Chain Amino Acids) which will help you build muscle. However it doesn't only have BCAA's but it contains an almost perfect mix of all the other amino acids! The benefit of the whey sources below is that they are easy to digest and rapidly absorbed by your muscles, some faster than others. These are all great sources of protein for in the morning or after your workout. Whey is divided into several categories:

      Whey Concentrate:
      This is the first kind of whey we had, luckily it has been refined for it used to be full of fats, lactose, and un-denatured proteins. But it only got better from there on! Through ultra-filtration, which removes a lot of the lactose, the quality and percentage of the actual protein is greatly increased.

        Benefit: great quality protein which is usually inexpensive and will provide you with all the building blocks you need to become big!

      Whey Isolate:
      Whey isolate comes down to the fact that the manufacturer takes extra good care of my buddy. It puts it through a chemical process (ion exchange) that removes more lactose and fats, which results in as much as 99% of whey per serving. Whoa! However it is argued that in the process of ion exchange valuable sub fractions* of the whey are lost. That may be, but the benefit of whey isolate is that it is still the fastest absorbed protein out there!

      Cross Micro Filtered Whey:
      CMFW is whey filtered through a natural (not chemical!) process in which, once again, they try to rid the protein of as much lactose and fats but leaving it high in calcium. In this process, they are usually able to up the percentage to app. 90% of protein per serving, while leaving all the goodies (sub fractions) in tact!

        Benefits Of This Type Of Filtration: rapid absorption, high quality protein, lots of it per serving, everything in tact and no chemical processes/ chemicals were used to produce it!

      Hydrolyzed Whey:
      Hydrolyzed whey is whey broken down into shorter molecule chains so that it is absorbed more rapidly by the body, which would definitely be beneficial. However, if it really works has still not been proven yet, except for on a rat (tests on humans remain to be done).

    Wow, that was a whole bunch of whey's and we're not even done yet, oh no there's more!

Egg Protein

    Egg protein is another protein that is 'fast & complete'. It has one of the most complete amino acid profiles of all foods, together with whey. Next to that it has an extreme high biological value, meaning that all of the protein (100%) will be absorbed by your body.

    Eggs, just like whey, make an excellent post workout meal as well as a good protein in the morning. Now there is a difference between a whole egg (including the yolk) and just the egg white. Many bodybuilders don't believe in eating the yolk because it contains bad fats, cholesterol, carbs and only a slight amount of protein.

    However, most of the fats in the yolk are good fats and studies have shown that carbs are one of the ways amino acids are transported to your muscles. Yolk also contains protein, so eat up and have a yolk here and there, don't feel guilty, it's good for you!

      The Benefits Of Egg Protein: rapid absorption, full absorption, and a full amino acid profile.

Micellar Casein

    Casein is a protein that is also derived from milk. Micellar casein is casein in its undenatured form. It is a protein that is very slowly digested and therefore over time absorbed by your body. Casein as well as whey has the proper amino acid profile to give your muscles what they need to grow.

    The benefit of this is that it releases amino acids into your muscles over a long period a time which means sustained growth! Studies have shown that it can build muscle for up to 7 hours! Casein is often misunderstood by a lot of bodybuilders, all they hear is 'whey!' and not much else passes their eardrums. However Casein is an excellent protein to take before bed time, because we all know: muscles grow best and hardest when you are a sleep!

      Benefits Of Casein Are: slow absorption meaning a sustained anabolic state of your muscles.

Calcium Caseinate

    Calcium caseinate is derived from skim milk and, is a slow digested protein that is low in lactose and fats but very rich in calcium, glutamic acid, next to that it also contains all the other amino acids. Just like micellar casein it is an excellent protein to take before you go to bed.

      Benefits Of Calcium Caseinate: slow absorption and rich in calcium and glutamic acid (which in turn will aid your body in producing glutamine).

Soy Protein

    Soy protein is a perfect protein for vegetarians as it is a great imitation of animal protein. It has a very complete EAA profile (essential amino acids) which will help the body create other amino acids. Unlike casein, soy is a protein that is rather rapidly digested.

    It is not only a must in a vegetarian's diet but it can also be added to a bodybuilder's diet. Benefits like lowering cholesterol and reducing the risk of heart disease have been credited to soy protein. Besides that it is very low in fats and lactose which makes it a very good protein for lactose intolerant people.

      Benefits Of Soy: are its great EAA profile and that it is very low in lactose.

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[ Click here to learn more. ]

So are we done yet? Yes we are! How you will use them to your advantage, I will explain to you now.


Using Protein Forms To Our Advantage

We start off in the morning on an empty stomach. Yes an empty stomach, even after the casein protein you took last night your stomach is empty and your muscles are craving protein. That is why we start of with a whey shake or a complex protein shake (a mix of different kinds of protein), depending if you work out in the morning or not.

If you don't, the whey shake will be the fastest source of protein that arrives at your muscles, because of its easy digestibility and its liquid form, which adds to the digestibility. If you do work out in the morning, take a complex protein shake an hour before your workout.

This should be liquid for easy digestibility; it will give you your whey for fast absorption but also protein and amino acids for your muscles when you work out. Besides that you can have some eggs to complete the circle, the eggs will be digested slightly slower because it is solid food (to a certain extent) and will give you loads of amino acids!

After your workout, take whey isolate. This protein will be absorbed by your body so fast it'll make your head spin! Have a solid meal within the 45 minutes that follow your protein shake. Then at lunch take a micellar casein or calcium casein protein shake to help you get through the rest of the day.

As your pre-workout protein (if you workout later in the day) have a soy protein shake, it will give you a boost in EAA's and give you the other aminos you need during your workout. Your post-workout protein should be whey isolate. And last but not least, bedtime. Approximately 20-30 minutes before you go to bed, have a micellar casein or calcium casein protein shake. This will help you get through the night and your body will feed your muscles instead of feeding ON your muscles.

During your day you can ingest the different protein sources at different times! Now it depends on when you work out, so I will list two schedules on what protein to take and when. If you work out in the morning you should stick to schedule one, if you work out in the afternoon/ at night, stick to schedule two.

I will not give you all the different moments during the day (brunch, mid-afternoon etc) on which you can take your different protein sources, 'cause if you eat your meals like you should, you should get enough protein from them.

Schedule One:

  • Breakfast - Have a shake with one scoop of complex/ casein protein, preferably a mix like Syntha-6 or Pro Complex, and have some eggs however you want them.
  • Post workout - Two scoops of whey isolate
  • Lunch - Casein protein
  • Bedtime - Casein protein, either micellar or calcium caseinate

Schedule Two:

  • Breakfast - Have a shake with one scoop whey protein, and have some eggs however you want them
  • Lunch - Casein protein
  • Pre-Workout - Soy protein, approximately 45 minutes before your workout
  • Post workout - Two scoops of whey isolate
  • Bedtime - Casein protein, either micellar or calcium caseinate.


Bonus Question

Personally I favor casein protein over all the other kinds of protein. Why? Because I can get my fast protein from eggs, with a great amino acid profile and I believe that during the process of creating whey isolate a lot of the good qualities of protein are lost.

Casein makes a great pre-workout shake because you can take it ahead of time so it digests properly, and is being absorbed and readily available during your workout. Moreover because of its sustained release it is great to take at night, and I'll say it again: muscle building happens at night!

*Sub Fractions: As simple as whey may sound, it is actually a quite complex protein made out of tiny sub fraction peptides. All these little peptides have different benefits on your health and immunity. To preserve the sub fractions, they must filter the whey at a low temperature. However, the ion exchange process uses heat to filter the whey.


3rd Place - bigcalves
Contact This Author Here.


How Can You Use Different Forms Of Protein To Your Advantage?

In order to build muscle you need protein. Protein is the building block for tissue. Your muscles require it to sustain and improve. In order to get big, maintain a nice and lean body or survive you need protein.

    "A protein is a complex, high molecular weight organic compound that consists of amino acids joined by peptide bonds. Proteins are essential to the structure and function of all living cells and viruses. Many proteins are enzymes or subunits of enzymes. Other proteins play structural or mechanical roles."*

Today's athletes can consume up to 2 grams per pound of body weight. If you calculate all of that, it comes down to a hefty amount of protein that is needed to consume daily. 300-400 grams of protein eating plans are not too uncommon. Almost all athletes that are somewhat serious about their sport pay attention to their diet and most importantly, protein intake. In order to get all of your protein requirement you must eat a lot of meat products, dairy and fish.

Not everyone can afford or stomach eating tuna or chicken every day. In order to create a variety the supplement industry has protein in powder or liquid form ready for you. The problem is that there are many products to choose from. Whey this and whey that. How can you be sure which protein is the best for your diet plan/purpose?

With hundreds of protein products out there it is not that hard to get confused about which protein you need to take. So many kinds, so many flavors… How can you decide? In this article, the main forms of protein will be discussed and defined. Hopefully by the end, the general concept will be clear and the confusion will be gone.

Types of Protein:

  • Whey protein isolate
  • whey protein concentrate
  • Hydrolyzed whey
  • Calcium caseinate
  • Egg white
  • Whole egg
  • Micellar casein


What Are The Benefits Of All These Different Forms Of Protein?

Different protein types can be used at different reasons. Timing or what part of the day or activity level can be a perfect reason why you should take one product over another. Although you can buy all of these under a 'protein', there is big difference between protein types.

If learned, the importance of each protein product can be used to an extreme personal advantage in ones nutritional plan. There are many products, but the 8 most popular proteins will be discussed in this article.

Eight Most Popular Proteins:

    1. Whey Protein Isolate:

      Whey protein isolate is a very high quality product. According to a study, "Whey protein isolate is the most pure and concentrated form of whey protein available."* You might have to pay a little more than usual, but the product is worth it. It has a high biological value, which means that the protein is high and that when you consume it will be digested to its max potential.

      Protein

      Whey protein isolate is the type of protein product that, once you take it, dissolves fast and goes right into your system. I suggest whey protein isolate for first thing in the morning when your muscles are hungry and also after a workout as part of your PWO meal. The fast absorption and high biological value will guarantee that your muscles will get the best out of this product! It has a little higher price tag than average, but the results are worth it.

    2. Whey Protein Concentrate:

      Whey protein concentrate is a cheaper whey version of isolate. "Whey protein concentrate has anywhere between 29% and 89% protein depending upon the product."*

      Protein

      It is cheaper, but it also gets the job done. This protein dissolves pretty fast in the body and is perfect for after workout meals or first thing in the morning.

      Even though this is a lower quality than isolate, it provides pretty much the same benefits. My suggestion is taking 1-2 scoops to make up for the lower quality if you are that concerned about it.

      My Pick - 100% Whey Power

    3. Hydrolyzed Whey:

      Hydrolyzed whey is like isolate on steroids. Often with a higher price tag, it's modified and it's often used in the medical field.

      Protein

      It absorbs better in the stomach and most patients in hospitals receive this product since they are still sensitive. "When whey protein is hydrolyzed the protein chains are broken down into smaller segments called "peptides."

      Hydrolyzed whey protein is still a high quality protein however, it is less likely to cause an allergic reaction than non-hydrolyzed whey protein." That's the main reason why this product is attractive to people with allergic reactions."*

      My Pick - Whey Plex

    4. Calcium Caseinate:
    Protein

      Calcium caseinate is low in sodium, is delivered from milk, and also has a low level of lactose which makes a great product for lactose intolerant people.

      It also has a slower rate of absorption in the body which makes this a great product to be included as a meal.

      My Pick - Calcium Caseinate Powder

    5. Egg White:

      Egg white protein is perfect for those looking to stay lean and have high amounts of protein. Egg protein is a high quality of protein and the body uses a high amount of the protein that's ingested. Egg whites have no fat or saturated fat (that all comes from the yoke).

      protein

      This is a protein that I personally take, and recommend everyone does too! It is great for bodybuilders, athletes, females or those looking to stay fit and get a good amount of protein in. Since there is no fat, this protein product is perfect. It's loaded with amino acids and can be absorbed perfectly in the human body.

      My Pick - 100% Pure Liquid Egg Whites

    6. Whole Egg Protein:

      The downside of whole egg protein products is that it will contain fat. This, of course, comes from the yoke part of the egg.

      protein

      But unless you are watching your diet to the extreme or getting ready for a bodybuilding competition this shouldn't be that bad. It has more vitamins and the fat in the yoke is healthy.

      The fat from the yoke is needed for bodily functions that are positive when it comes to building muscle, so as long as it's taken in moderation this is a perfect egg protein product.

      My Pick - Ultra Size

    7. Micellar Casein:
    protein

      Micellar casein is a protein that is digested slowly. This is not the perfect protein for after your workout, but would be good for dinner! When going to bed your body will be without food for 7-9 hours and it's smart to get something that will digest slowly so you don't use muscle as energy. Micellar casein is somewhat expensive, but is worth it. Think of the gains you will save/make.

      My Pick - Muscle Milk

    8. Soy Protein:
    protein

      Soy protein contains very little, if any, fat. It is delivered from the soybean. This means that this product is great for vegetarians or for those that are avoiding animal protein, or protein that's delivered from milk. Even though not high on a bodybuilders list, soy does serve a good purpose, and the low fat/no cholesterol fact makes it a good protein product.

      My Pick - Advanced Soy Protein


How Can We Use These Different Forms To Our Advantage?

Since we know that the different forms of protein have different effects once ingested, it's a big advantage to our diet. Knowing about each form of protein will help you structure your diet even further than before. Before you might have had a certain amount of protein (grams) at a certain meal, but with this new knowledges you can now make proper adjustments to get the most out of your protein consumption.

Knowing that whey isolate and whey concentrate are good protein products is good. But knowing that they are fast digesting is perfect. Now instead of wondering what product to take and why, you know. Whey isolate and concentrate are perfect for after waking up.

Your body is starving and hasn't had any nourishment for hours. Now is the time to feed it with something that will go into your system in a flash! After working out is another great time to consume isolate and concentrate since you muscles are exhausted and hungry. That is the perfect opportunity to take you gains to the next level!

Egg proteins are perfect for meals since you body will absorb all of it. Also it doesn't take too long but then again it doesn't soak up into your system. Egg protein is perfect for a meal through out the day. For lunch, or late breakfast egg protein is great. It is perfect for snacks or dinner time. High absorption and perfect ingestion rate, what more could you ask for.

Micellar casein is a perfect example for a protein you should take before bed. Take advantage of the slow absorption rate. While you are sleeping you need to feed you muscles. Taking micellar casein is a smart choice to preserve your gains while adding more muscle!


What Would Be An Ideal Daily Schedule Of Protein Consumption?

Here is an example of taking protein through out the day and using it to our highest advantage

  • A.M. - Whey Isolate, Whey Concentrate
  • Lunch Time - Egg Proteins, Meat
  • After Workout - Whey Isolate, Whey Concetrate
  • Dinner - Meat, Egg Whites
  • Before Bed - Micellar Casein

The point is to take advantage of what we know. Assuming that money is not an issue, that's the perfect intake for protein. Consume protein every 2-3 hours. But at different times like in the A.M. you need something that will kick into your system in a matter of minutes.

As for lunch time you need a regular protein and egg protein is perfect for that. The after your workout you need fast absorption and that is when isolate kicks in. Dinner and bedtime are times for slow digestion protein and meat or micellar casein is perfect for that. The key is to get the right protein at the right time!


Bonus Question:
Money Aside, Which Form Of Protein Do You Believe Is Most Beneficial? Why?

If I didn't have to worry about the financial costs, I would definitely pick whey isolate. It has very high absorption and is an overall high quality product. Perfect for after workouts or mornings. I believe it's beneficial because right when you need it, you will ingest protein that's very high in quality. Even though it is expensive compared to whey concentrate, I strongly suggest that you buy even a smaller container just for after workouts. High quality and fast absorption, nothing beats that!

References:

  1. www.en.wikipedia.org
  2. www.bodybuilding.com/store/whey.html
  3. www.wheyoflife.org
  4. www.bodybuilding.com/store/soy.html


3rd Place - ManInTheBox

Whey, milk, egg, and soy are some of the "mainstream" names, but to the bodybuilding community it gets broken down even more.

Types Of Protein:

  • Whey protein isolate
  • whey protein concentrate
  • Hydrolyzed whey
  • Calcium caseinate
  • Egg white
  • Whole egg
  • Micellar casein
  • Etc, etc, etc...


What Are The Benefits Of All These Different Forms Of Protein?

The benefits of increasing your protein intake are nearly infinite. This appeals to athletes especially. Your athletic performance may drastically improve by increasing your protein intake. Athletes often look at carbohydrates as the ultimate source of energy. What they don't consider is repairing what they break down. Protein is what does that. Repair, and recuperation.

You should always look at whole foods such as beef and chicken to keep your protein intake where it should be. But nowadays, you can maximize your intake of protein by supplementing with a protein powder. These powders get into your system faster, do not carry unwanted nutrients such as fats, and have extra nutrients you do want such as branch chain amino acids and glutamine.

The intake of protein must be calculated, and understood. Taking in protein at specific times can greatly increase the benefits that protein with hold. Timing, foods mixed with these proteins, and amount intake should all be considered before just downing a protein shake. First, we will examine each individual protein, its usage, cost, and versatility.

Whey Protein Isolate

    Very versatile. On the average, price varies from brand to brand, and other things are to be considered such as BCAA profile, and servings. The more isolates in a whey protein product, the better, this makes the protein much more available and easier to digest. Excellent post workout protein, as it gets absorbed in your body the quickest. When taken with simple carbohydrates, such as dextrose, this can not only replenish glycogen, but dilate tissues so more protein can be drawn into the tissues.

Whey Protein Concentrate

    Very similar to isolates. Products that are abundant in concentrate, generally have some isolates as well. Whey protein concentrate is not as high of quality as isolate, and does not guarantee the 90%-100% absorption rate.

    Whey protein concentrate generally is very affordable (between $20-$30), can be bought in bulk, and is an excellent product for the fitness enthusiast not looking for optimum results. Once again can be taken in with simple carbohydrates to accelerate absorption into muscle tissue.

Hydrolyzed Whey Protein

    Getting a bit more complicated in name, the overall product does not differ too greatly. The most notable detail of hydrolyzed protein is the fact that it tends to have a bitter taste, and has not grown in popularity due to this. The quality of the product is excellent, and is excellent as far as absorption goes.

    Hydrolyzed protein in fact is the most digestible for humans, making it a great product for those looking for optimum results. Hydrolyzed protein also offers an excellent BCAA profile, which is key for feeding muscle tissue.

Calcium Caseinate

    Now we begin entering a more sophisticated realm of proteins. Casein protein products are best taken at night, or when slow absorption is desired. Casein protein, found in milk, is extracted from skim milk, and put into a powder form. You have a very clean form of casein protein this way.

    Casein protein generally takes a full 6 to 8 hours to pass through and get used efficiently. Thus, taking it before bed allows your body to be fed overnight, and avoid catabolism of muscle tissue. With costs hovering around the $30 to $40 mark, you may want to invest in a whey product before looking at this additional protein supplement.

Egg White Protein

    One of the oldest forms of protein next to meat are egg whites. Now, with powder form, makes consumption of egg protein much easier and efficient. Egg whites are one of the best forms of protein out there, zero fat, and all protein. When dried, crushed into a powder, you have the makings for egg white protein powder.

    Egg white protein is preferred for some people as far as digestion goes, and may be easier on their stomachs. The bioavailability of eggs is also very high, so the absorption rate of egg white protein powders is generally very high.

Whole Egg Protein

    When you eat a whole egg, the bioavailability of the protein is actually increased from 91% to 100%. Whole egg protein can be utilized greatly. The fat in a protein meal actually helps with the utilization of the protein, so the fat that is present in the yolk actually helps the absorption of the protein.

    When on a low carbohydrate diet, eggs can be very handy to have around. The only downside to eggs, is the fact that they do contain 200 milligrams of cholesterol per egg. This can add up quite quickly. With the consumption of a lot of soluble fiber, grains, and water, you can help cancel out these factors.

    But of course if you have a history of high cholesterol, you may want to consult your doctor or your physician before eating massive amounts of eggs. The overall quality of egg protein is excellent, and is a great addition to one's diet. Not to mention they can be bought in bulk, and are very inexpensive.

Micellar Casein Protein

    Once again, a very slow digesting protein, that feeds your muscles overnight. Same benefits as the calcium caseinate, but a higher grade of protein powder. This can last up to 7 hours in your stomach. When taken before you go to bed, this can drastically increase your positive nitrogen balance overnight and prevent catabolism.

    Once in your stomach, it forms a gel like substance, that is slowly broken down, and is slowly passed through your stomach. This leaves a lot of nutrients available for overnight usage, while feeding your broken down muscle tissue at the most important point of your day, sleep.

Other Common Protein Powders

    Soy protein has become a very popular alternative for a "healthier" way to get in those extra grams of protein. Soy protein benefits women predominantly, but is low in fat, and does support a positive nitrogen balance.


How Can We Use These Different Forms To Our Advantage?

As any protein product possesses, timing is a key factor when it comes to using one of these. Here, we can list the products, and when would be the proper time to use them.

Whey Protein Isolate:

    Immediately post-workout. Taken in with carbohydrates such as dextrose.

Whey Protein Concentrate:

    Immediately post-workout. Taken in with carbohydrates. This can be taken in anytime though also. Since concentrate is usually inexpensive, you may have more protein to use and not have to scrimp and save what you have.

Hydrolyzed Whey:

    Immediately post-workout. Taken in with carbohydrates.

Calcium Caseinate:

    Before bed, taken in with some essential fatty acids to slow absorption even further.

Egg White:

    Good for post workout meal. Can be eaten anytime though. If using egg white protein powder, immediately post-workout with simple carbs is an excellent post-workout cocktail.

Whole Egg:

    Anytime of the day. Great for if you are tapering your carbs, in which case you could eat them later on in the day or evening. Not immediately post-workout though. High fat content may slow absorption of nutrients and protein.

Micellar Casein:

    Before bed, taken in with some essential fatty acids to slow absorption even further.


What Would Be An Ideal Daily Schedule Of Protein Consumption?

I think we all know how we would do things in the perfect world. Let's take me, a 185 pound athlete/aspiring bodybuilder. How I would do things.

First, let's take into consideration my day. It's going to be a workout day. I weigh 185 pounds, which means I am going to want to take in around 300 grams of protein today.

    9:00 AM: Wake up, take in 25 grams of whey protein concentrate to start feeding tissues. Also consumed with complex carbohydrates.

    10:30 AM: Workout.

    11:30 AM: Post-workout Whey Protein Isolate shake taken with dextrose. A 50 grams of protein to a 50-75 (depending whether I am cutting or bulking) grams of dextrose ratio.

    1:00 PM: Post-workout meal. A high quality protein meal. 35-50 grams of protein.

    3:00 PM: Lunch. High quality 30-40 grams of protein.

    5:30 PM: Snack. High quality 30-40 grams of protein.

    8:00 PM: Dinner. High quality 30-40 grams of protein.

    10:30 PM: Pre- bed. Micellar casein protein, 40 grams.

So here I should wind up somewhere between 270 and 300 grams of protein. I did not include all of my carbohydrates or fats in this either. Also, I did not use a protein supplement in every meal. I do not believe that supplements are necessarily superior to food. A very important note is to remember when taking in such massive amounts of protein, is to keep very well hydrated. Water is necessary in every metabolic function in the body. This includes the digestion of protein!


Bonus Question:
Money Aside, Which Form Of Protein Do You Believe Is Most Beneficial? Why?

Overall, I would say a good whey protein concentrate or isolate. It is often hard to get very high quality, fast digesting protein from foods. With casein, you can look to get milk or cottage cheese for a good slow digesting meal. But with whey, it can be a bit more difficult.

If I had to choose just one product, I would choose a high quality, medium priced 100% whey protein concentrate. An example of this would be the very well known, Optimum Nutrition's 100% Whey Protein.


How Can You Use Different Forms Of Protein To Your Advantage?
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