Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetes comes in two forms; the first one (diabetes 1) is when the pancreas produces none or a little bit of insulin. If the pancreas is too low on insulin then it cannot provide you with enough glucose. Glucose (along with any other sugar) breaks down and gives you energy. The islets of langerhans (glands in pancreas that provide insulin) are just about dead. The pancreas also develops various types of hormones. The cells in the pancreas that make insulin are called beta cells, which are destroyed. This is why people with diabetes 1 are low on it. It takes months for someone to officially be diagnosed with diabetes. Despite of what people think, eating an excessive amount of sweets does not cause this disease. In most cases people receive this by genetics. If your mother or father have it you may also, not definitely though. Most diabetics are obese (overweight) most of the time it is only because excessive hunger is a sign of the disease. The only treatment out right now is insulin. Insulin is not a cure! It is more like a supplement that helps control the disease. You have to inject it into your skin and a doctor prescribes it. The best defense against complications is taking good care of your diabetes. Keeping your blood sugar levels near the normal range will make you feel better now. It will help you out in the future.
Type 2 Diabetes
Now we're on to diabetes type 2. This is the more common type of diabetes among young teens and adults. In type two the cells are there but just ignoring the insulin. Right away, your cells may be starved for energy. Over time, high blood sugar levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves, or heart. Meal planning, exercising, and losing weight can or will help you out little by little. Exercising can make your blood sugar raise a little. Entering a weight-loss program will help you eat fewer calories. Your doctor may have you take insulin shots or pills. Usually they prescribe the pills to see how they work out.
The way insulin is injected is:
- Step 1: Sterilize bottle
- Step 2. Fill syringe with air
- Step 3. Inject air into bottle
- Step 4. Fill with insulin
- Step 5. Put needle carefully into skin and inject.
All diabetics receive a symptom called hypoglycemia. Part of living with diabetes is learning to cope with some of the problems that go along with having the disease. Hypoglycemia is one of those problems. Hypoglycemia happens from time to time to everyone who has diabetes. Hypoglycemia can happen even during those times when you're doing all you can to control your diabetes. So, although many times you can't prevent it from happening, hypoglycemia can be treated before it gets worse. For this reason, it's important to know what hypoglycemia is, what its symptoms are, and how to treat it.
Hypoglycemia happens mostly while exercising. When you exercise your blood sugar drops and gets you into this stage of diabetes. To help this you could bring a roll of lifesavers candy or about 2 tbs. of raisins with you. This will make your blood sugar raise a little bit and it will be there just in case. A suggestion I have for you is to check your glucose level before and after bodybuilding, your doctor will tell you what it should be since everyone is supposed to have different levels. If you happen to sweat more suddenly, feel hungry, anxious or shaky at all stop right away. Follow your doctor's advice on how to treat hypoglycemia. Sure I would recommend bodybuilding to anyone, but how do I know if it's right for you? I don't. Check with your local health care provider before starting any type of exercise.
Ketoacidosis (key-toe-ass-i-DOE-sis) is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death. Ketoacidosis may happen to people with type one diabetes. Ketoacidosis does not occur in people with type two diabetes. However, some people, especially older people, with type 2 diabetes may experience a different serious condition. It's called hyperosmolar nonketotic coma (hi-per-oz-MOE-lar non- key-TOT-ick KO-ma). This chart shows how someone works up to a hyperosmolar nonkietotic coma.
Click here to see the chart
Q. Should I bring a workout partner with me if I am diabetic?
A. Yes, absolutely. Everyone should, especially someone with diabetes. Let your workout partner know what to do if anything happens before hand. Also try to bring water to hydrate yourself. Bring some sweets (Lifesavers candy has been successful for many diabetics). If you prefer not to have the Lifesavers than try raisins (about 2 tbs.)
Q. What do I do if my blood sugar level goes too low during school?
A. If you ever start experiencing symptoms of Hypoglycemia in class and don't have the necessary tools (i.e., a snack, glucose gel, etc.) to treat it, please go and see the school nurse immediately. The rules on eating in class and waiting for lunch goes out the window when it comes to your health and managing your diabetes. Money also shouldn't be an issue. If you find your pockets empty go to a faculty member and tell them you need a snack to get your numbers back into range. Go to the school nurse or your teacher and let them know the situation. Taking care of yourself is first and foremost. It may be advisable to get a spare meter to keep in your locker or backpack at school, along with a stash of non-perishable emergency snacks. You can also ask the school nurse to keep these items in her office so that if you start experiencing a low you can have her assistance if needed. Lastly, someone at your school (either the nurse or another staff member) should be trained in administering a glucagon injection in an emergency. Being prepared is the best defense against a serious blood sugar emergency at school.
Q. What makes blood sugar rise in type 2 and why are my morning levels so high?
A. Unfortunately, there is no easy answer to the question "what causes high blood sugar?" All the things you mentioned -- illness, stress, sleep deprivation, improper diet -- can trigger hyperglycemia -- and so can a host of other factors such as certain medications, other medical conditions, lack of exercise, injuries, and more. Easy disease, isn't it? Seriously, I know it's extremely frustrating and I feel for you. Don't hesitate calling your doctor and asking him/her questions. That's what they are there for!