Bodybuilding.com Information Motivation Supplementation
in:
Project Clout: Seize The Power!

The wait for a proven multi-component performance enhancer is over! What you are about to witness is one of the only supplements available anywhere, where every single ingredient is proven to extend your performance and recovery...

By: Joey Rodrigues

For the past 11 months, J-Rod and the MANTM Sports R & D team have been enthusiastically at work around the clock on one very special project.

While other companies have been busy recycling old ideas and passing them off as new products, The MAN Sports team has hit the supplement Jack-Pot... Big-Time... and in a big way, with its latest addition to its result-drivenTM performance line - CLOUTTM.

The mission was simple... to create the mother of all creatine based performance enhancers. But not just any creatine enhancer, this product had to get at the core of increasing explosive muscular fire power and at the same time enhancing recovery and stamina as a way of welcoming athletes to the next level in performance enhancement and body augmenting effects. And so project CLOUT was born. As you will soon learn, CLOUT is the end result of real scientific data with proven efficacy in the lab and the gym!

The precise balance of vision, passion, science and innovation is the driving force behind its creation. With its use, ANYTHING IS POSSIBLE. Let us explain!

The wait for a proven multi-component performance enhancer is over! What you are about to witness is one of the only supplements available anywhere, where every single ingredient is proven to extend your performance and recovery from intense exercise.

From the team behind the groundbreaking BodyOctaneTM, and fat loss sensation SCORCHTM, MAN Sports Products proudly premiers CLOUT, the most potent, most effective, strength, stamina and recovery supplement the world has ever known!

To put this in perspective, CLOUT is comprised of 7 powerful, never-before combined bioactives to create a new and exciting direction in supplementation, maximizing human performance, body composition and optimizing athleticism.

This very one product supports 5 very powerful biochemical and physiological effects, distinguishing it from existing run-of-the-mill creatine matrixes and effectively taking the science and effectiveness of performance and body augmenting supplementation to the FRONTIER.

I know it must be hard for many of you reading this to believe these words, and frankly I don't blame you. You have heard it all before. But do yourself a favor and keep reading; we are going to prove that our smack is more than the typical supplement company hype.


And So The New Era Dawns!

CLOUT introduces 2 exclusive new break-throughs in the enhancement of muscle performance. First a NEW ingredient for carnosine enhancement and secondly acetyl group donation, a process directly linked to ATP resynthesis and energy generation (we will go into detail on this soon). You have read correctly, that is 2 NEW breakthroughs in performance.

ATP: Energy's Currency!
If one has ever wondered just how we are able to summons the energy to perform a number of activities under a variety of conditions, the answer, in large part, is ATP. Without ATP, ones body would simply fail to function. Learn why...
[ Click here to learn more. ]

To understand how stratospheric these breakthroughs are, you need to understand the influence of carnosine. Its many positive effects are beyond the scope of this one article; however know that carnosine is the ultimate buffering agent. And what that means to you is a effective weapon to fight off that nasty burning sensation during intense exercise.

Carnosine also helps your muscles contract harder and longer. In fact, no other nutrient is as powerful as carnosine when it comes to these specific functions.

So what exactly is inside scoop on the 7 never before combined bioactives? What do the geeky guys and gals in the white lab coats say? And just what's the best way to use CLOUT as part of your daily dietary routine in your quest to be the best?

How do the specific uses of 3 nutrients enhance your muscles phosphocreatine stores and ATP generating capacity above and beyond anything you have ever tried before?

To answer all the questions, we need to get down to the 5 specific mechanisms that drive CLOUT's positive properties. So, before we get to the core of the ingredients that make CLOUT, let's look at some of the major influences behind fatigue in order to understand the premise behind each nutrient in CLOUT.


Mechanism #1
Muscle Acidosis & Buffering Capacity.

During periods of high intensity exercise, very much like sprinting or banging the iron around in the gym with major intensity, your working muscle tissues increase the production and utilization of high-energy substrates (Such as ATP). This results in major hydrogen ion (H+) production.

The increased energy demand during exercise and ensuing increases in H+ ion generation can lower pH, see (Metzger and Fitz 1987)[1].

So what does this mean to you, the athlete or the weekend warrior? Low pH values inhibit the ability of muscle to contract efficiently; (again for you science guys) see (Metzger and Fitz 1987) [1] and thus the ability to produce force (Cooke and Pate 1985) [2].

What Does ATP Mean?
Adenosine triphosphate, is a major energy storing compound. When ATP breaks down into ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and phosphate, it releases energy used to fuel many biochemical processes, such as muscle contraction, nerve action, protein synthesis etc. ATP is made, mostly in mitochondria, from ADP and phosphate. Food is "burned" under controlled conditions, by reacting it with oxygen from air, and the energy so produced harnessed to make ATP.

If you're involved in resistance training or sprint type exercise it goes without saying how damaging this can be on performance.

If only we could fight the negative decline in exercise performance, better training sessions and athletic performance could be the reality! Well, the primary mechanism controlling acidity levels in human skeletal muscle has been shown to be reliant upon several independent buffering mechanisms, mechanisms which operate synergistically to maintain H+ ion status and thus pH (Parkhouse and McKenzie 1984) [3].

A simple way to think of this is to imagine H+ as fire and buffers as the extinguishers.

Total Intra-cellular (Within Muscle) H+ Ion Buffering Can Be Subdivided Into Three Major Components:

  1. Physico-chemical buffering (including histidine residues (eg. Carnosine) and bicarbonate)

  2. Metabolic buffering (Phosphocreatine)

  3. Dynamic buffering (H+ transport out of muscle).

Therefore, elevating the capacity of any of these systems should significantly delay the onset of declining pH related fatigue. CLOUT does that!


Mechanism #2
ATP & Pre-Exercise Oxygen Deficit.

In order for best possible muscle contractile responses to be maintained, ATP resynthesis from ADP (a lower energy producing compound than ATP) must be met by oxygen-dependent and oxygen-independent pathways.

Interesting, but what does it mean? And where is the biochemical defect in this system that can be manipulated to enhance your performance capacity?

Here is what science says. Oxygen-dependent ATP re-synthesis (Aerobic glycolysis) does not increase instantaneously at the onset of exercise. And because of this, a greater reliance is placed on the oxygen-independent (phosphocreatine and anaerobic glycolysis) pathways of energy production.


Click To Enlarge.

Knowing how energy metabolism works, a series of investigative studies has shown that this LAG-PHASE in oxygen-dependent ATP production is due to an "Acetyl Group Deficit" (fatty acid).

These acetyl groups are formed originally from an enzyme system in our muscles (see figure 1) called the 'pyruvate dehydrogenase complex' (PDC).

Therefore, any way to provide an increase of acetyl groups at rest or more beneficially pre-exercise should decrease initial falls in muscle phosphocreatine contents and under some circumstances improvement in contractile function [4].

And that is exactly what CLOUT does... take a look!


Mechanism #3
Phosphocreatine Depletion And Fatigue.

Phosphocreatine (PCr) is a system that maintains ATP levels during short duration and high intensity exercise by donating a phosphate group (ATP -> ADP + PCr = ATP + Cr).

Research has shown depletion of phosphate and phosphocreatine decreases exercise performance and leads to fatigue. Based on work by Febbraio and Dancey (1999) [5] which many of you will be familiar with clearly showed elevating muscle creatine stores enhances muscle performance.


Mechanism #4
Oxidative Stress & Free-Radical Quenching.

Increased oxygen (O2) consumption which occurs during moderate and intense exercise releases potential harmful oxygen byproducts known as free radicals. This oxidative stress can cause damage to cell membranes and important enzyme systems.

Intensity Building Technique Videos!
View our online videos for supersets, drop sets, and dozens more of the top intensity boosting techniques! WMV, Real Player, and Mpeg.
[ Click here to learn more. ]

A selection of nutrients stored in our bodies known as Antioxidants have been shown to fight these detrimental influences of free-radicals. The most abundant and powerful antioxidants in skeletal muscle is glutathione and by maintaining and/or elevating this antioxidant enhancement of sprint capacity and other intense exercises.


Mechanism #5
Mineral Deficiencies & Exercise Capacity.

Muscle strength and protein synthesis have been correlated to the status of the mineral magnesium [6]. Other functions include membrane stability, energy transfer and a direct effect on muscle calcium levels [7, 8].

As you can see, magnesium is a vital nutrient, so it may come to you as a major surprise to learn that this important mineral is deficient in 75% of the population [9], with 39% taking in less than 70% of the RDA [9].

You Read Correctly! In the athletic world several studies have shown that higher levels of sweat and urine loss from intense exercise greatly increase magnesium deficiencies. In order for you to be your best and prevent a decrease in performance adequate intakes of magnesium are VITAL!

OK, so now you have somewhat of a fundamental knowledge of the 5 primary mechanisms in which CLOUT delivers the goods! You understand now what causes fatigue and holds back your ability to be stronger and, have more energy to keep going. It is now time to get to the nuts & bolts of CLOUT - its CORE - the 7 never before combined bioactives. Let's reveal how we have hit the performance enhancing JACK-POT, in a BIG-WAY!


Breaking It Down To The Very Last Compound!


Bioactives #1 & 2
Orotine (TriCreatine-Orotate) & Orotic Acid.

What Is It?

    OROTINE (Tricreatine orotate) complex is an "EXCLUSIVE" triple creatine molecule attached chemically to Orotic Acid. In CLOUT its inclusion is at a dose to deliver the exact dose of creatine proven to enhance muscle creatine stores.

    Orotic Acid (OA) is bond to creatine and also supplied to exactly match orotic acid doses in human studies shown to enhance performance [10]. So why do creatine and OA work so well together? And how do they work in synergy?

How Does It Work?

    As mentioned earlier declining muscle pH can detrimentally affect muscle function and one possible way to prevent this decline is by enhancing the systems that prevent this fall.

    Think FIRE-EXTINGUISHER. Two central components of these systems are phosphocreatine and carnosine. True to form CLOUT yet again delivers the exact dose of creatine shown to elevate muscle phosphocreatine levels.

    CLOUT Also Provides The Exact Level Of OA Shown To Work Effectively On Two Levels:

    1. Enhancement of performance. This may have been achieved by a selection of mechanisms but of most importance is as a precursor for carnosine synthesis. In fact research proves that Orotic Acid is very much a nutrient that can increase muscle carnosine levels [11].

    2. Orotic Acid has been shown to increase muscle Uridine levels. Work by Rosenfeldt et al. (1998) showed under hypoxic (lack of oxygen) conditions (found following anaerobic exercise) elevation of intramuscular Uridine levels increased muscle phosphocreatine and creatine levels 38% and 3%, respectively [12].

    That is impressive... but don't get it twisted were not done!

What Evidence For Performance Effect?

    Golf et al. (1998) carried out a human trial using again the exact dose delivered with CLOUT [10]. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Magnesium-Orotate on swim, cycling and run performance.

    Performance was enhanced with supplementation but backing up the influence of orotate rather than magnesium was the measured lower hydrogen ion levels. This is suggestive of enhanced buffering capacity via orotate by elevated muscle carnosine contents.

    Therefore, these two ingredients may set off each others functions in many ways. Orotic Acid and creatine both enhance your muscles buffering capacity, literally putting out the fire.

    As an added bonus orotic acid may help preserve creatine levels during intense hypoxic (lacking oxygen) exercise [12]. Additionally both compounds support growth and recovery.

    So the combination of Orotic Acid and Creatine, as found in OROTINETM truly makes them a powerful 1 - 2 punch for those seeking to build mass.

Orotic Acid: The Sexiest Sports Nutrition Nutrient In Existence!
In this the first complete article covering this truly remarkable new supplement we hope reveal its genuine potential in enhancing your athletic performance and body composition.
[ Click here to learn more. ]


Bioactives #3
Beta-Alanine.

What Is It?

    Beta-alanine is the direct precursor and to date the most effective enhancer of carnosine. This exciting nutrient is making a major impact in the sports nutrition arena thanks to BodyOctane and has been proven to be effective in humans for enhancing muscle performance [13].

    As previously mentioned, CLOUT has placed in the exact amounts of each ingredient proven by research to enhance performance and the content of Beta-alanine is no different.

How Does It Work?

    Beta-Alanine works by enhancing the buffering capacity in our muscle. It does this by elevating carnosine stores a highly effective cellular pH buffer [13, 14]... In fact the most effective cellular pH buffer.

What Evidance For Performance Effect?

    In 2003 Harris et al.[13] investigated Beta-alanine supplementation and its influence on the capacity to undertake intense exercise normally associated with lactate accumulation [13].

    The dose of beta-alanine delivered in CLOUT enhanced maximal workout puts over a 4 minute maximal exercise test. Again authors suggested these beneficial performance effects down to increased muscle buffering capacity which aids the maintenance of muscle pH.

Beta-Alanine & Histidine: The Muscle Burning Fire Fighters!
As I write this, I am as an athlete and avid supplement user very excited about several brand new and potentially huge performance enhancing natural compounds. Find out what it is and what it can do for you!
[ Click here to learn more. ]


Bioactives #4
N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC).

What Is It?

    Acetyl group donation as mentioned earlier a donor of acetyl groups could radically impact performance by activating the PDH complex. One such acetyl donating nutrient is the antioxidant N-Acetyl cysteine. However, the great effects of NAC don't stop at delivering acetyl groups.

How Does It Work?

    N-Acetyl Cysteine again is a powerful antioxidant and its main influence on muscle damaging free radicals is its influence at enhancing muscle and other cell glutathione levels [15].

    Secondly, it can also provide acetyl groups which could be used for entry into the Krebs cycle and energy generation overcoming deficiencies in the PDH complex.


Click To Enlarge.

What Evidence For Performance Effect?

    There are two immense supplementation studies that show the influence of cysteine donors on performance. Sen et al. (1994) gave 200 x 4mg/day of NAC and an 800mg bolus before a maximal bike test [16].

    CLOUT delivers probably the highest amounts of NAC in any sports supplement many times above the cysteine and acetyl groups delivered in these studies! OK back to the outcome of the Sen Study, NAC resulted in a higher net post exercise antioxidant capacity [16]. But can elevating oxidative capacity through cysteine donation influence performance? The answer is simply YES!

    A study presented at the ACSM on whey protein delivering similar cysteine levels to those in CLOUT improved muscle fatigue during fatiguing leg extension exercise [17].


Bioactives #5
Phospha-Drive.

What Is It?

    Phosphate maybe one of, if not the most important mineral constituent required for cellular activity due to its biological interactions with metabolic intermediates and energy producing compounds.

    Changes in cellular phosphate levels have been linked to enhanced exercise capacity time and time again. Supplementation is a proven method to achieve this guaranteed performance effect.

How Does It Work?

    There are many possible mechanisms proposed for the proven influence of phosphate including:

    1. Phosphate-stimulated glycolysis (enhanced energy production capacity)[18];

    2. Increased red blood cell 2,3-DPG levels (Enhancing oxygen delivery to working muscles)[19];

    3. Enhanced creatine phosphate synthesis (increased creatine stores)[20].

    Therefore, it is easy to see how phosphate addition can further extend the influence of CLOUT as the ultimate creatine and performance enhancer.

What Evidence For Performance Effect?

    There are many studies proving the fantastic influence of this compound so let's take a look. Kreider et al. (1992) assessed the influence of 1000mg of phosphate 4 times a day for 3 days or a maltodextrine placebo.

    The results backed many other studies and showed that phosphate loading could enhance maximal exercise performance (40km time trial).

    The slightly lower dose of phosphate in CLOUT compared to the study above were chosen because of not only the gastrointestinal stress caused by high dose phosphate but also because the creatine and phosphate combination included in CLOUT should enhance muscle phosphate to equal and possibly greater levels than phosphates alone. (Check out our how to use guide here).


Bioactives #6
Vinpocetine.

What Is It?

    Vinpocetine is an extract from lesser periwinkle plant (Vinca Minor). Because we know exercise performance is related to our ability to generate ATP and deliver oxygen the possible enhancing influence of Vinpocetine on these energy-generating systems made its inclusion in CLOUT essential!

How Does It Work?

    Vinpocetine has been shown to be effective by increasing 2, 3 DPG levels (Oxygen delivery capacity) [23], ATP (energy levels) [24], and antioxidant activity [25].

What Evidence For Performance Effect?

    The effects on exercise performance of Vinpocetine at this point do not exist. What dose exist are the effects in human studies looking at enhancing chemicals that we know can elevate performance capacity.

    In a study by Tohgi et al. subjects were given 15mg of Vinpocetine per day (a dose lower than that contained in CLOUT) for 3 weeks [24]. By the end of the supplementation period there were huge increases in cellular ATP as well as an increase in 2, 3 DPG [24].


Bioactives #7
Magnesium-Malate.

What Is It?

    Magnesium-Malate is the final nutrient that pushes the performance enhancing potential of CLOUT through the roof! As we described at the beginning of this article magnesium is inextricably linked to countless cellular functions.

    As such the importance of magnesium as a performance enhance cannot be denied. Magnesium-Malate supplies extra malic acid, which has been shown to recycle pyruvate and lactate and help to fuel the Kreb cycle (our natural energy producing cycle) [29].

How Does It Work?

    Magnesium works on a number of levels that have been linked to protein synthesis (RNA and DNA transcription), membrane function, calcium absorption as well as a co-factor for converting fat into energy[8].

What Evidence For Performance Effect?

    Lorraine Brilla investigated the effects of dietary magnesium (again exact doses contained in CLOUT) during a 7-week strength-training program [30]. Following supplementation quadriceps strength was increased to a significantly greater degree than those on the placebo sugar tablets [30].

    Smack it up, flit-it and rub-it down! The take home message on Clout!

What Does Flit Mean?
A sudden quick movement


Welcome To The Next Level.

At MAN Sports we believe anything is possible. Within this state of mind, unbelievable innovations are dreamt and brought to reality. CLOUT has shattered old world beliefs, defying existing barriers and obstacles effortlessly, bringing to the market state of the art strength, stamina and recovery supplementation.

This work, this Holy Grail, is the result of the perfected balance of vision, passion, science, innovation and technology. Not only is its make-up completely supported by genuine clinical studies, but it has also been in the trenches, tested, and tested again by real world athletes.

Simply put, CLOUT delivers BIG-TIME! CLOUT is one of the first of a new generation of supplements that can be effective for both resistance and endurance exercise.

The ability to enhance sprint and muscular endurance capacity simultaneously helps you work longer for harder leading to greater gains from your exercise performance.

Because, we have enhanced your ability to work we have also enhanced you muscles capacity to recover by inhibiting the accumulation of excess free radicals. That means greater performance, more muscle, better health and real power you can feel and harness!

To Seize The Power with CLOUT click here.

Refences

  1. Metzger, J.M., Fitts, R.H. (1987) Role of intracellular pH in muscle fatigue. J. Appl. Physiol. 62, 1392 - 1397.
  2. Cooke, R., Pate, E. (1985) The effects of ADP and phosphate on the contraction of muscle fibers. Biophys. J. 48, 789 - 98.
  3. Parkhouse, W.S., McKenzie, D.C. (1984) Possible contribution of skeletal muscle buffers to enhanced anaerobic performance: a brief review. Med. Sci. Sports. Exerc. 16, 328 - 38.
  4. Greenhaff, P.L., Campbell-O'Sullivan, S.P, Constantin-Teodosiu, D., Poucher, S.M., Roberts, P.A., Timmons, J.A. (2002) An acetyl group deficit limits mitochondrial ATP production at the onset of exercise. Biochem.Soc.Trans. 30 (2): 275 - 80.
  5. Febbraio, M.A., Dancey, J. (1999) Skeletal muscle energy metabolism during prolonged, fatiguing exercise. J.Appl.Physiol. 87(6):2341-7.
  6. Stendig-Lindberg, G., Rudy, N. (1983) Pridictors of maximum voluntary contraction force of quadricepts femoris muscle in man. Ridge regression analysis. Magnesium. 2:93-104.
  7. Gunther, T. (1986) Functional compartmentation of intracellular magnesium. Magnesium. 5: 53-59.
  8. Ebel, H., Gunther, T. (1980) Magnesium metabolism: a review. J.Clin.Chem.Clin. Biochem. 18:257-270.
  9. Morgan, K.J., Stampley, G.L., Zabik, M.E., Fisher, D.R. (1985) Magnesium and calcium dietary intakes of the US population. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 4: 195-206.
  10. Golf, S.W., Bender, S., Grutter, J. (1998) on the significance of magnesium in extreme physical stress. Cardiovasc.Drugs.Ther. 12: 197-202.
  11. Aonuma, S., Hama, T., Tamaki, N., Okumura, H. (1969) Orotate as a beta-alanine donor for anserine and carnosine biosynthesis, and effects of actinomycin D and azauracil on their pathway. J.Biochem (Tokyo). 66 (2): 123-32.
  12. Rosenfeldt, F.L., Richards, S.M., Lin, Z., Pepe, S., Conyers, R.A.J. (1998) Mechanism of cardioprotective effect of orotic acid. Cardio.Drug.Ther. 12: 159-170.
  13. Harris, R.C., Hill, C., Wise, J., Tallon, M.J. (2003) Effect of combined beta-alanine and creatine monohydrate supplementation on exercise performance. Med.Sci.Sport.Ex. 35 (5): abstract 1206.
  14. Harris, R.C., Boobis, L., Hill, C., Tallon, M.J., Hesslink, R.L., Wise, J.A. (2003) Elevation of carnosine in muscle of normal subjects by supplementation with ß­alanine in free or peptide bound form. In proceedings of the Experimental Biology Conference, FASEB. San Diego.
  15. Bridgeman, M.E., Marsden, M., MacNee, W., Flenley, D.C. (1991) Cysteine and glutathione concentrations in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after treatment with N-acetylcysteine. Throax. 46: 39-42.
  16. Sen, C.K., Rankinen, T., Vaisanen, S., Rauramaa, R. (1994) Oxidative stress after human exercise: effect of N-acetylcysteine supplementation. J.Appl.Physiol. 76 (6): 2570-7
  17. Child, R.B., Bullock, M., Palmer, K. (2003) Physiological and biochemical effects of whey protein and ovalbumin supplementation in healthy males. Med.Sci.Sport.Ex. 35(5): abstract 1497.
  18. Rose, I.A., Warms, J.V.B., O'Connell, E.L. (1964) Role of inorganic phosphates in stimulating glucose utilization of human red blood cells. Biochem. Biphys. Res. Commun. 15: 33-37.
  19. Cade, R., Conte, M., Zauner, C. (1984) Effects of phosphate loading on 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and maximal oxygen uptake. Med.Sci.Sports.Exerc. 16: 263-268.
  20. Chasitotis, D. (1983) The regulation of glycogen phosphorylase and glycogen breakdown in human skeletal muscle. Acta.Physiol.Scand. Suppl. 518: 1-68.
  21. Kreider, R.B., Miler, G.W., Schenck, D., Cortes, C.W., Miriel, V., Somma, C.T., Rowland, P., Turner, C., Hill, D. (1992) Effects of phosphate loading on metabolic and myocardial responses to maximal and endurance exercise. Int.J.Sport.Nutr. 2 (1): 20-47.
  22. No author. Vinpocetine: Monograph. Alt.Med.Rev. 7(3): 240-243
  23. Kosugi, I., Gonda, T., Okada, K. (1982) Title Unknown. Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 10: 1901.
  24. Tohgi, H., Sasaki, K., Chiba, K., Nozaki, Y. (1990) Effect of vinpocetine on oxygen release of hemoglobin and erythrocyte organic polyphosphate concentrations in patients with vascular dementia of the Binswanger type. Arzneimittelforschung. 40 (6): 640-3.
  25. Stole, S. (1999) Indole derivatives as neuroprotectants. Life.Sci. 65: 1943-1950.
  26. Kahler, W., Kuklinski, B., Ruhlmann, C., Plotz, C. (1993) Diabetes Mellitus - A Free Radical-Associated Disease: Effects of adjuvant supplementation of antioxidants. Frankfurt am Main, pmi Verl-Gruppe. 33-53.
  27. Marangon, K., Devaraj, S., Tirosh, O., Packer, L., Jialal, I. (1999) Comparison of the effect of alpha-lipoic acid and alpha-tocopherol supplementation on measures of oxidative stress. Free.Radical.Biol.Med. 27 (9-10): 1114-21.
  28. Jacob, S., Henriksen, E.J., Tritschler, H.J., Augustin, H.J., Dietze, G.L. (1996) Improvement of insulin mediated glucose-disposal in type 2 diabetes after repeated parenteral administration of thioctic acid. Exp.Clin.Endocrinol. Diabetes. 104: 284-288.
  29. Bendahan, D., Mattei, J.P., Ghattas, B., Confort-Gouny, S., Le Guern, M.E., Cozzone, P.J. (2002) Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle.Br.J.Sports.Med. 36(4):282-9.
  30. Brilla, L.R., Haley, T.F. (1992) Effect of magnesium supplementation on strength training in humans. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 11 (3): 326-9.

Project Clout: Seize The Power!
joey@manb2p.com

Visitor Reviews Of This Article!
Read Visitor Reviews - Write Your Own Review

Back To Joey Rodrigues's Main Page

Back To The Articles Main Page.

Related Articles
Your Expert Guide To L-Carnitine
10 Best-Tasting Pre-Workout Supplements!
Arachidonic Acid: When Inflammation Is Good



RATE THIS ARTICLE
POOR
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
EXCELLENT
OVERALL RATING
N/A

Out of 10

0 Ratings

0

Comments

Showing 0 - 0 of 0 Comments

(5 characters minimum)

      • notify me when users reply to my comment
Showing 0 - 0 of 0 Comments

Featured Product

Give Us Feedback:
Report A Problem
Site Feedback
Follow Us:
Twitter
Facebook
RSS Feeds
Bodybuilding.com Newsletter

Receive exciting features,
news & special offers from Bodybuilding.com