Obesity results from an imbalance of the body's food intake, physical activity, and resting metabolism. A variety of psychological and physiological factors play a role. It is uncommon but certain endocrine gland disorders, such as hypothyroidism or tumors of the adrenal gland, pancreas, or pituitary gland, may cause obesity.
Recent research has found that a reduction of the body's resting metabolic rate also has a significant effect on the development of obesity. However, most obesity results from using food excessively as an inappropriate coping mechanism to deal with emotional stress. We must reprogram ourselves so we do not use food as an escape or a solution to alleviate stress.
Obesity means an abundance of fat tissue, not merely excess in body weight, which can result from an increase in muscle mass or body fluid. The degree of obesity may be expressed in terms of the Body Mass Index (BMI), calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. Obesity is defined as a BMI above 30. Calculatate your BMI, click here!
Individuals who weigh more than 20% above there supposed "ideal body weight" are considered obese. However, this is only a rough guide for obesity. A more accurate and reliable method of assessing obesity is to measure the skin fold thicknesses of three different parts of the body. Other more sophisticated obesity measurements include weighing an individual under water, measuring total body water, or using the body distribution of fat-soluble gases.
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Obesity may be classified according to the age of onset, family history, degree of obesity, and adipose tissue cell size and distribution. Juvenile-onset obesity is characterized by increased numbers of fat cells, which is a more severe degree of obesity, which can cause more complications later in life. Obesity in adults is characterized by increased fat cell size and is more prone to cause heart disease, diabetes, and other medical complications; however, adult obesity is more easily treatable with better long-term results.
Complications Caused From Obesity
Obesity significantly increases the risk of premature death, Heart attack, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancer. The regional distribution of fat also influences the adverse effects of obesity.
Obese individuals with an apple shape--fat in the upper body or abdomen--have a greater risk for medical diseases than those with a pear shape--fat confined to the lower body or hips. While obesity increases the risks for numerous medical diseases, there is no indication that there is a higher rate of psychological dysfunction or psychiatric disease in the obese population.
The treatment of obesity is sometimes frustrating, and disappointing, as most of those who lose weight soon regain most of it. For best results obesity treatment should stress:
- A reduction of fat intake to below 30% of the total daily caloric intake.
- A reduction of daily caloric intake to below what is expended from physical activity and the body's resting metabolic rate.
- A reduction in salt, sodium, and sugar intake.
- The proper balance of protein and carbohydrate intake.
- Proper vitamin supplementation to aid in fat loss, reduce excess water retention, maintain muscle, increase energy and help the body to recover from exercise.
- Regular physical exercise.
- A realistic psychological and emotional orientation that establishes new eating behaviors.
If you are looking to lose weight, and live a healthier, happier life with a leaner and shaplier body I would recommend a "Burn Fat Build Muscle Pack" which incorporates all of the above recommendations. You can find everything else like a nutritional program, a shopping list for healthy eating, a recipe guide, an exercise program and all the nutrients that will help you to Burn Fat, Lose Weight, and get in shape right here at Bodybuilding.com!
Save Your Loved Ones
Losing weight and getting in shape is nice. It's beneficial in many ways. We feel better, we look better, we fit into our clothes better and we have more confidence in ourselves. I love to help people lose weight and achieve their goals but more importantly I thrive on helping individuals who have become obese and need to lose weight for their health.
Obesity kills! We need to reach out and lend a caring hand to those that are less fortunate than us. The ones that really need the help are the people who are more than 100 pounds overweight. In the past few years I have been lucky enough to be able to help 14 individuals lose more than one hundred pounds. Every one of these people are now able to live happier and healthier lives.
While I was training Newt Gingrich in Washington DC last year, the Speaker of the House asked me if I could do him a favor. He wanted me to spend some time with the Congressional Photographer. No, it's not what you think.
My days of narcissistic photos in muscular poses are long over. The Congressional Photographer, whose name is Dwight Comedy was overweight. Mr. Gingrich informed me that he was worried about Dwights health and asked me to set Dwight up on the nutritional program and weight loss supplement. Dwight started on the program and found it to be very easy to follow. When he started the program only nine months ago he weighed 408 pounds. He now weighs 292 pounds. He has lost an amazing 116 pounds, and is continuing the program until he reaches his goal weight. At that time he will switch to the maintenance program.
I am not telling you this because I want the credit for my work or the financial rewards. I make a good living and I do not want for anything materialistic. I also do not charge a fee for my advice. I am telling you this because you can make a difference in a loved ones life and longevity.
Everyday I see overweight people who need some help. The most difficult task for me is to be able to approach these people without offending them. I just want them to realize that they can do it. It's within each and everyone of their reach. It is my goal to be able to help in every way that I can by allowing them to realize that they really can lose the weight and be healthier.
I will always answer your Weight Loss and Fitness questions. But I now have a favor to ask. I would like everyone that is reading this column to think of a friend, relative or loved one who is overweight and risks health problems.
Someone who needs to lose weight and become healthier. I don't mean 10 or 20 pounds; I mean 50 or more pounds. Find a friendly way to tell them that you care and you want to help them. If you would like, you can give them my phone number (561) 968-6578 and I would be glad to offer my assistance. You can help those loved ones get started on a journey that will lead to a longer, healthier, and happier life. I have witnessed thousands of successful weight loss stories. Anyone can do it. I have a favorite saying:
I will be glad to answer all your questions regarding your weight loss program. I am committed to helping people lose weight and live a healthier life so don't hesitate to pick up the telephone and call me. I can be reached at 561-968-6578.
About The Author
John DeFendis is a contributing writer for the forum newspaper. He is a former Mr. U.S.A. and has been featured on "ABC T.V.'s 20/20", "good morning america", and "the joan rivers show". He has been a trainer for over 20 years and is the director of exercise with the ifpa. He developed the burn fat build muscle pack and can be contacted at (561) 968-6578.